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Air Quality News - Page Title

Air Quality News

搭乘飞机会让您生病吗?

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Air Quality News from IQAir

专家认为,飞机是最安全的交通工具。 尽管如此,很多人还是一想到搭乘飞机就感到焦虑。

普遍的一种担忧是会从其他乘客身上感染病菌,一下飞机就患上感冒、流感 - 甚至更严重的疾病。这些担忧并非毫无根据。事实上,研究显示乘客在搭乘飞机时感冒的概率要比日常生活患感冒的概率高。

咳嗽和打喷嚏是主要的罪魁祸首


人们通常将飞机上生病归咎于飞机的密闭环境。 飞行意味着人们要在长时间内共同生活在一个狭小密闭的空间。 如果坐在您身边的乘客在咳嗽或打喷嚏,那么您就有患病的风险。 这是因为当他们咳嗽或打喷嚏时,细菌会通过他们喷出的水滴传播。 这些水滴在空气中只会短暂停留。 如果您与感染者距离非常近,那么吸入这些水滴的概率非常高,您被感染的机会也大。

受污染物体无处不在


感染者咳嗽或打喷嚏喷出的水滴不可避免会落到物体表面,从而将其污染。 一旦您接触这些物体表面后又去触摸眼睛、鼻子或嘴巴,您就很可能会患病。 因此即使患病乘客不坐在您旁边,还是有可能将疾病传染给您。

根据专家们的说法,飞机上几乎所有区域都含有细菌和病毒,这些细菌和病毒可以在物体表面存活数天。飞机通常每个月只进行一次彻底清洗和消毒。这意味着如果一个病人在您搭乘飞机之前坐过相同的位置,那么座位、扶手、茶几、座椅靠背口袋和安全带都可能有细菌残留。另外,洗手间表面,包括门把手、水槽和厕所冲洗按钮,都是细菌和病毒潜伏的常见地方。

舱内空气重复流通


一些人担心,机舱内的空气流通可能会让他们患病。 飞机制造商和航空公司宣称,现代飞机采用 HEPA 滤网清除空气污染物。 他们认为,这些滤网可以捕捉病毒和细菌,防止它们在舱内流通。 然而由于没有规定要求所有飞机必须使用 HEPA 滤网,因而它们的使用完全是自愿的。 没有相关规定和强制性要求,飞机内的空气质量仍然是一个潜在的隐患。

如何保护自己


幸运的是,尽管机舱表面被污染且完全密闭,专家们表示还是有一些方法可以将搭乘飞机的患病概率降到最低。以下是您下次飞机旅行前和旅行过程中须遵守的一些建议。

  1. 避免用手触摸脸。 避免飞行过程中用手触碰眼睛、鼻子和嘴巴,以免周围表面的细菌进入您的身体。

  2. 用消毒剂擦拭。 存好行李坐下之前,先擦拭座位、头枕、扶手、茶几和座椅靠背口袋表面。

  3. 自带毯子和枕头。 飞机上的毯子和枕头上面可能带有细菌,所以为了安全起见您旅行时最好携带这些物品。

  4. 洗手或使用洗手液。 在进食前或去过洗手间后,用热水或肥皂洗手,或使用含 60% 酒精的洗手液洗手。 另外,使用纸巾(而不是直接用手)打开洗手间门。 开门后立即将纸巾扔掉。

  5. 要求更换座位。 如果您与患病乘客相邻而坐,您可以请求飞机乘务员换到另一座位。

  6. 使用通风口。 让您面前的空气流通,这有利于吹走您面前的细菌。

点击此处下载本文的 PDF 文档。

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This online publication is brought to you by The IQAir Group, which develops innovative air quality solutions for indoor environments around the globe. IQAir is the exclusive educational partner of the American Lung Association for the air purifier industry

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