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Air Quality News

极端气候越来越多的威胁

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Air Quality News from IQAir

您是否觉得气候越来越异常和恶劣?或许您的感觉是对的,原因是气候变化。 气候变化是真实存在的。气候学家认为温室气体—二氧化碳、氯氟碳、甲烷和其他气体——正在引起世界范围内平均温度的升高。这些温室气体就像毯子一样包裹住了地球和大气中的能源—热能。

世界范围内,全球变暖正在扰乱气候模式并引起严重的暴雨、飓风、干旱和其他极端气候条件。科学家声称此趋势将持续并继续恶化,除非能减少全球对化石燃料的发电、运输和工业使用。

越来越热


在过去 100 年中,世界平均温度已增长0.8摄氏度。 这个增长幅度看来或许不大,但却已对全世界的气候和空气质量造成巨大影响。 通过检查树木年轮,湖泊和海洋沉积层,冰川核心以及其他数据,科学家们确定了从 1983 年至 2012 年是过去的 1400 年间最热的三十年。 根据美国环境保护局的预计,在未来 100 年间,温度还将最多升高 6.6度。

近期严重气候现象的示例


更高的海表温度导致了 2012 年飓风桑迪的出现,造成了美国东北部数十亿美金的损失。。

异常气候模式影响空气质量


这些极端气候的频繁发生可对空气质量和受影响区域内居住人口健康造成严重的影响:

花粉。 随着降雨的增加,花粉(如来自豚草属)植物正在炎热潮湿的条件下不断增长。 花粉季节正变得越来越长且产花粉的植物正在不断扩散分布。 哮喘和过敏患者是受影响最严重的人群。

霉菌。 紧随暴雨和飓风而来的霉菌增长是影响空气质量的一个主要原因。

干旱和野火。 在干旱地区,野火得以肆意蔓延并以灰尘和颗粒对空气和植被造成污染。 2014 年在美国西部地区,由于高温和持续的干旱气候,已引发数起大型野火。

如何对抗全球变暖


气候专家认为只有对个人消费能源作出重大变革才能减慢或阻止变暖趋势。个人在对抗全球变暖中可以采取的最关键步骤就是减少个人能源消耗。 有效措施如下:

  • 1. 选择可再生能源。在许多地区,消费者可以选择风力、太阳能和其他洁净能源供应商。询问您当地的电力公司有哪些选项可供选择。
  • 2. 少开车,乘坐公共交通工具、拼车、步行或骑自行车,减少私人交通工具所产生的污染物和温室气体。
  • 3. 驾驶节能环保型汽车,混合动力和插电式混合动力车可以显著减少油耗并有助于减少温室气体的排放。自然资源保护委员会预计,未来十年使用混合动力汽车可以减少排放 3.5 亿吨导致全球变暖的污染物。
  • 4. 改进房屋的隔热性能,可使供暖和制冷能源消耗占普通家庭能源消耗的 40%。对房屋进行隔离防止漏风,最多可以减少 20% 的能源消耗。
  • 5. 正确使用恒温器。 夏天稍微调高空调和冬天调低暖气可以减少能源开支并减少温室气体的产生。

点击此处下载本文的 PDF 文档。

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This online publication is brought to you by The IQAir Group, which develops innovative air quality solutions for indoor environments around the globe. IQAir is the exclusive educational partner of the American Lung Association for the air purifier industry

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