|星期三, 1月 20|
不健康 168 美国 AQI
|星期四, 1月 21|
不健康 184 美国 AQI
|星期五, 1月 22|
对敏感人群不健康 139 美国 AQI
|星期六, 1月 23|
不健康 157 美国 AQI
不健康 188 美国 AQI
|星期一, 1月 25|
非常不健康 216 美国 AQI
|星期二, 1月 26|
不健康 169 美国 AQI
|星期三, 1月 27|
不健康 170 美国 AQI
|星期四, 1月 28|
中等 85 美国 AQI
|星期五, 1月 29|
对敏感人群不健康 117 美国 AQI
The city of Tianjin is located on the coast in northern China, 120 kilometres southeast of Beijing It sits on the shore of the Bohai Sea which is part of the Yellow sea. In 2016 its estimated population was over 15.5 million people. Towards the end of 2020, the air quality index recorded “Unhealthy” levels with a figure of 100 US AQI. This is based on figures recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO). Other pollutants were recorded to be: - PM2.5 - 36 µg/m³, PM10 - 60 µg/m³, - ozone (O3) - 34 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 34 µg/m³, sulphur dioxide (SO2) - 16 µg/m³ and carbon monoxide (CO) - 1000 µg/m³. These figures are quoted as microns per cubic metre.
With figures such as these, people who are sensitive to poor quality air should wear a good quality mask when venturing outside and they should close the doors and windows to prevent the bad air entering the home. Running an air purifier would be beneficial if available, and all forms of outdoor exercise should be halted until the quality improves.
The cause of heavy air pollution in Tianjin has been discovered following the result of the combined effects of local accumulation, regional transmission and secondary transformation of pollutants.
All the heavy air pollution processes in Tianjin were tracked and analysed from 2013 to 2018. From the analysis results of 25 typical long-term heavy pollution processes, the chemical composition of PM2.5 is mainly nitrate, organic carbon and sulphate. Accounting for 40-60 per cent. It was stated that the sources of these components include both primary emission and secondary transformation. Most of the meteorological conditions are "low-altitude south-westerly winds and substantial compression of the atmospheric boundary layer". The low-altitude southwest wind was observed in the early stage of the heavy pollution process, and the height of the atmospheric boundary layer was compressed to about 200 meters. The self-purification capacity of the atmosphere was less than 20 per cent of that of clean weather, resulting in the rapid accumulation of local emissions and regional transportation of pollutants. Approximate chemical transformation effects are observed in about 50 per cent of heavy pollution processes, especially under conditions of high humidity, the contribution of secondary transformation is more significant.
It is reported that Tianjin has a relatively high proportion of road freight, and motor vehicle emissions contribute significantly to nitrogen oxides, especially diesel trucks, which account for less than 10 per cent of vehicle ownership, account for 70 per cent of total vehicle emissions. Nearly two-thirds of the transiting freight vehicles are heavy-duty diesel vehicles. At the same time, Tianjin is at an important stage of development and construction. The urban infrastructure construction and various construction projects are scattered in a wide range and high intensity.
It was reported in the media briefing held by the Tianjin Working Group of the National Air Pollution Prevention and Control Centre in Tianjin in the morning that the average concentration of PM2.5 in this city in 2018 was 52 16 µg/m³, the best since PM2.5 monitoring was launched. In 2018, the city's air quality improvement rate was 70 per cent, which was mainly due to the result of human effort.
Tianjin is a coastal city and faces the Bohai Sea to the east, atmospheric diffusion conditions are relatively unfavourable. The latest data shows that the average wind speed in Tianjin in 2018 was 2.19 m/s, the frequency of light winds was 35.1 per cent, the average height of the mixed layer was about 589 m, the probability of temperature inversion was 20.7 per cent, and the relative humidity was 56 per cent. These meteorological indicators are in Beijing and Tianjin. The "2+26" cities in Hebei and surrounding areas are generally in the middle reaches. Tianjin City is 50 kilometres away from the Bohai Sea. Under static and stable weather, the influence of local circulation such as sea and land breezes is more obvious, affected by the diffusion of pollutants to distant places will be inhibited, and the concentration of pollutants is affected by the local circulation It accumulates cyclically in the space. It was also suggested that in some heavy pollution processes, there are obvious convergence flow fields in and around Tianjin, resulting in high local concentration pollution. Air quality can be affected by convergence, surrounding pollutants gathered in the convergence area located in Tianjin. The air quality in this city reached a serious pollution level, but the air quality in surrounding cities was basically excellent.
Since its launch in September 2017, the Tianjin tracking research team has carried out a large number of scientific research activities and accumulated various scientific data through comprehensive research methods such as field observation, laboratory analysis and numerical simulation based on the air pollution observation network of space, earth and air. Tens of millions have achieved some preliminary results in the cause of air pollution in Tianjin. In the average PM2.5 contribution during autumn and winter, local primary pollutant emissions account for about 40 per cent, and regional transmission accounts for about 30 per cent. Second, in the past few years, Tianjin’s targeted pollution control measures are the main reason for the obvious improvement in ambient air quality, which also shows that Tianjin’s pollution control methods are correct. Third, the mutual transmission of air pollution between cities exists objectively, but local emissions are the main source of air pollution in Tianjin and most cities.
The development and utilization of clean energy is a long-term strategy for optimizing the energy structure. Improving energy exploitation efficiency and enhancing the coal-fired structure are also important directions for energy structure adjustment. Burning coal will cause pollution, and doing a good job of writing about coal and promoting the clean and efficient use of coal is an important way to lessen pollution caused by coal.
Not everybody is affected by air pollution in the same way. A strong, young healthy person will be less affected than an older person who already suffers from respiratory problems. It also depends on the levels of concentration of the pollutants, and indeed, the pollutants themselves as well as the length of exposure.
Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause immediate health problems such as aggravated cardiovascular and respiratory illness, and can actually damage cells permanently.
People with pre-existing health problems should be extra careful as should pregnant women, children under 14 years of age and senior citizens.