巴罗达的空气质量

巴罗达的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

*IQAir的AQI是根据卫星数据建模估算 了解更多

巴罗达没有地面空气监测站

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天气

巴罗达现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气晴朗
温度91.4°C
湿度38%
风速和风向9.7 mp/h
气压1009 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时印度 热门城市排名

小提示图标
#city美国 AQI
1 George Town, 泰米尔纳德邦

380

2 Kirakat, 北方邦

188

3 Ghandinagar, 古吉拉特邦

187

4 Singrauli, 中央邦

182

5 乔恩普尔, 北方邦

180

6 Sarkhej, 古吉拉特邦

180

7 Firozpur Jhirka, 哈里亚纳邦

168

8 Mariahu, 北方邦

168

9 古瓦哈提, 阿萨姆邦

166

10 Naroda, 古吉拉特邦

166

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时巴罗达 AQI排名

实时巴罗达空气质量排名

小提示图标

基于卫星数据的城市AQI。目前巴罗达没有地面监测站。

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美国 AQI

112 *

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
对敏感人群不健康

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

巴罗达现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
对敏感人群不健康 112 美国 AQItrendPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
40.2 µg/m³trend

健康建议

巴罗达空气污染,如何做好防护?

IQAir口罩图标 Sensitive groups should wear a mask outdoors
来一个高效又舒适的口罩
IQAir净化器图标 请开启空气净化器
想要一台空气净化器吗?
开窗图标请关窗以防止室外脏空气进入室内
骑车图标Everyone should reduce outdoor exercise

预报

巴罗达空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
今天

对敏感人群不健康 114 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标104°80.6°
风向300度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期日, 4月 18

对敏感人群不健康 111 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标105.8°80.6°
风向336度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期一, 4月 19

对敏感人群不健康 106 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标105.8°80.6°
风向309度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期二, 4月 20

中等 95 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标102.2°80.6°
风向274度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期三, 4月 21

对敏感人群不健康 106 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标98.6°80.6°
风向278度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期四, 4月 22

对敏感人群不健康 135 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标102.2°78.8°
风向311度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期五, 4月 23

对敏感人群不健康 113 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标104°78.8°
风向295度流动

6.7 mp/h

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历史

巴罗达历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在巴罗达 空气的污染暴露值

巴罗达 空气质量分析和数据

What is the air quality index of Vadodara?

Vadodara is an Indian city in the state of Gujarat and was also known as Baroda. In 2011 it had a population of almost 2 million, making it the 20th most populous city in India. Towards the end of 2020, the air quality index (US AQI) measured 147 which classifies the air quality as “Unhealthy for Sensitive Groups” according to recommendations by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The main pollutant is the fine particulate matter (PM2.5). The recorded concentration for this was 54.2 µg/m³. These figures are based on IQAir’s AQI modelling system using satellite data as there are no ground-level monitoring stations as yet.

What are the main sources of air pollution in Vadodara?

As with all cities, the main cause of air pollution is the number of vehicles using the road network. Because of its strategic location, Vadodara has become a central transportation hub between the cities of Delhi, Mumbai with Ahmedabad. It is also served by an international airport.

Vadodara is an important industrial city, some of the major industries operating here include petrochemicals, fertilizer production, plastics, engineering, pharmaceuticals and information technology. Many of these large manufacturers are located in the vicinity of the Gujarat refinery as they are dependent on it for their fuel.

Some agricultural practices also add to the air pollution in Vadodara through the burning of organic waste to prepare the ground for the next crop.

Surprisingly, domestic emissions add a considerable amount of pollutants through the use of solid-fuel cooking stoves and domestic furnaces. Dung from cows and buffalo is often mixed with leaves and twigs and shaped into “cakes”. These are then left in the sun to dry and used as a form of fuel in the traditional stove or Chulha. They are remarkably efficient as one cake can give off as much as 2100 kJ worth of energy. And because of their low cost and availability, it is easy to understand why the tradition continues even though they give off a large number of pollutants when they are burnt.

Is the air quality in Vadodara getting better or worse?

The Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) has begun to measure the AQI levels and also other pollutants from seven newly installed monitoring stations installed in various locations across the central city area. Comparisons can easily be made once the data is analysed and recommendations made to improve the situation. Two of these stations in Gorwa and at Kalali Road were returning measurements which classed the air quality as very poor.

The quality of air in Vadodara can vary at different times of the year. During the winter months, a temperature inversion occurs. This phenomenon causes the air to stop circulating due to different temperatures found at different heights. Emissions produced by vehicles and dust rising up from the ground exacerbate the situation.

Doctors always report a sharp increase in winter in the number of patients who they treat for respiratory infections. The traditional festivities of Diwali in late October or early November signal the beginning of the winter problems. It is custom to set off fireworks at Diwali which causes a spike in the levels of pollution. This is then followed by a drop in temperature as winter starts.

What can be done to improve Vadodara’s air quality?

The air quality in Vadodara is monitored by the Vadodara Mahanagar Seva Sadan (VMSS) who assume responsibility of the 235 square kilometre area which houses the main city. In order to identify problematic areas, this large area is sub-divided into blocks measuring 1 square kilometre. Because the weather plays an important part in air quality, meteorological records are also studied. Heavy rain and high winds soon dissipate any particles of pollution suspended in the air. Conversely, during winter when temperatures and inversion heights are low, the poor quality air becomes trapped between the different layers in the air. During the winter months, domestic levels of emission rise sharply due to the need to heat their homes.

The flow of traffic is monitored as it flows through these 1 square kilometre grids. Information about the speed at which it travels and areas of congestion are correlated. The main pollutants measured in this grid system are sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitric oxide (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), and volatile organic compounds (VOC). Particulate matter (PM) is split into four groups. PM2.5 is for particles with a measurement of less than 2.5 microns in diameter. PM 10 particles measure less than 10 microns. The two remaining pollutants are black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC).

The Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) liaise with the VMSS and process the data obtained from the monitoring stations. These figures are then made available to the residents via a downloadable app (my Vadodara) on their smartphones.

The VMC provides public transport that largely uses CNG (Condensed Natural Gas) or LPG (Liquefied Propane Gas) as it is a relatively clean type of fuel, but residents still prefer to use their own private form of transport because it will always be more convenient.

What are the health effects of Vadodara’s polluted air?

Healthy people can suffer from exposure to polluted air depending on the concentration of the pollutant and their type and the length of time subject to that exposure. This situation is much worse for people who already suffer from respiratory or other health problems.

High levels of air pollution can aggravate respiratory and cardiovascular illnesses. It adds stress to the heart as it has to work harder to get the amount of oxygen that the body needs. Cells in the lungs can easily be damaged by these microscopic particles. Long-term exposure prematurely causes the lungs to age, thus decreasing their capacity and their ability to function efficiently.

Some groups of people are more susceptible to polluted air than others. Pregnant women, senior citizens and those who have outdoor jobs are at an increased risk. Children under the age of 14 years are at risk because their lungs are still growing and are not yet fully developed. Athletes who exercise outside are putting their health at risk too.

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