Multan的空气质量

Multan的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

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数据提供者

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天气

Multan现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气
温度87.8°C
湿度35%
风速和风向4.6 mp/h
气压1008 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时巴基斯坦 热门城市排名

小提示图标
#city美国 AQI
1 Raiwind, 旁遮普

179

2 薩希瓦爾, 旁遮普

123

3 Muridke, 旁遮普

118

4 卡拉奇, 信德省

92

5 拉合尔, 旁遮普

67

6 Faisalabad, 旁遮普

63

7 白沙瓦, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

61

8 Bahawalpur, 旁遮普

57

9 Multan, 旁遮普

41

10 拉瓦尔品第, Punjab

37

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时Multan AQI排名

实时Multan空气质量排名

小提示图标
#station美国 AQI
1 Buch International Hospital

41

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

美国 AQI

41

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
优秀

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

Multan现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
优秀 41 美国 AQItrendPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
10 µg/m³trend

健康建议

Multan空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
骑车图标Enjoy outdoor activities

预报

Multan空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期三, 4月 14

中等 56 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期四, 4月 15

中等 72 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期五, 4月 16

优秀 11 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
今天

优秀 18 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标91.4°66.2°
风向292度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期日, 4月 18

对敏感人群不健康 145 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标96.8°69.8°
风向349度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期一, 4月 19

对敏感人群不健康 105 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标96.8°73.4°
风向354度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期二, 4月 20

对敏感人群不健康 120 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标84.2°66.2°
风向330度流动

15.7 mp/h

星期三, 4月 21

不健康 163 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标89.6°64.4°
风向3度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期四, 4月 22

不健康 155 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标98.6°71.6°
风向244度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期五, 4月 23

对敏感人群不健康 131 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标98.6°75.2°
风向357度流动

11.2 mp/h

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历史

Multan历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在Multan 空气的污染暴露值

Multan 空气质量分析和数据

Is Multan a polluted city?

Multan is a city located in the Punjab region of Pakistan, being one of the 7th largest cities in the country as well as being a prominent cultural and economic hub of southern Punjab. It has a well developed infrastructure of public transport, and is well connected to many other countries in Asia and the middle east. It is subject to some fair extremes of weather conditions, which can affect the subsequent levels of air quality, due to the effect that meteorological conditions can have on pollution accumulation.

In the early days of 2021 as well as the very tail end of 2020, Multan was coming in consistently with some elevated readings of PM2.5, indicating that it does indeed have a problem with pollution, a problem that is unfortunately shared by many other cities in Pakistan. In late December of 2020, PM2.5 readings varying from as low as 40.3 μg/m³ were recorded, going all the way up to readings as high as 136.3 μg/m³.

Multan's highest readings would put it into the ‘unhealthy’ group rating, one that requires a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 55.5 to 150.4 μg/m³ to be classified as such. Thus, its readings put it at the higher end of this bracket, making the air quality on such days bracket of significant danger to its citizens, with young children, the elderly, the sick or immunocompromised as well as expectant mothers being particularly at risk.

What are the main causes of pollution in Multan?

As with many cities across Pakistan, Multan has problems with its pollution levels arising from similar sources. With over 1.8 million people living within the cities limits, subsequently there would be many anthropogenic (manmade) causes of pollution occurring, such as the mass movement of people in and out of the city, as well as within the city in daily commutes to work.

As such, vehicles would be one of the largest contributors to air pollution in Multan, with numerous cars and motorbikes inhabiting the roads, many of which would be using old and outdated engines that would fall well below international standards, due to their higher pollutive output. Further compounding this is the fuels that they run on, with many lower quality fuels being available locally as well as diesel fuels still being widely used. These put out far larger amounts of pollution in their fumes than cleaner counterparts would, and as such can have a very detrimental effect on the health of Multan's citizens during peak hours of traffic.

Other causes of pollution would be emissions from factories and industrial sites, the burning of poor quality fuel or biomass for the firing of brick kilns, open burn sites to dispose of garbage (sometimes including synthetic materials such as rubber or plastics) as well as particulate matter coming from poorly maintained construction sites and road repairs.

What are the main pollutants found in the air in Multan?

With much of its pollution arising from the combustion of both fossil fuels and other materials, most of the pollution in Multan would find itself associated with the aforementioned processes. High usage of cars, motorbikes and even heavy duty vehicles such as lorries, trucks and buses can lead to the air being permeated with chemical compounds such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2), with sulfur dioxide leading to acidification of rainclouds and the subsequent damage to the environment that arises from that, as well as nitrogen dioxide being the most prominent compound released here, often correlating directly with high vehicle usage, as in areas that see high volumes of traffic often have an associated high level of nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere and on ground level.

Other pollutants would include ones such as black carbon, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds (VOC's), some of which would include benzene, toluene, xylene and formaldehyde, all of which are highly hazardous to breathe, as well as extremely easy to respire due to their volatile nature rendering them into a gaseous form even at lower temperatures.

Besides black carbon, other fine particulate matters would include finely ground dust and gravel, as well as minute particles of silica, which alongside black carbon is known to have carcinogenic effects when inhaled.

What are some health issues associated with breathing polluted air in Multan?

With readings as high as 136.3 μg/m³ being recorded at the end of 2020, and with averages of 80 μg/m³ coming in during the early portion of January 2021, as one would imagine, with these numbers being labelled in the ‘unhealthy’ group rating, there would be a subsequent high amount of health issues related to breathing this air.

Some of them would include rapid aging of the lungs, as well as scarring of the lung tissue and damage or irritation to the lining of the respiratory tract. All of these can reduce overall lung function, as well as make one more susceptible to further pulmonary diseases down the line. Some of these would include instances of aggravated asthma attacks, pneumonia, bronchitis as well as emphysema.

Other issues would include considerably higher rates of cancer, mainly regarding the lungs and throat, but also possible in many other areas of the body due to PM2.5’s ability to break through the blood barrier in the lungs and enter the circulatory system. Once in the bloodstream, PM2.5 can wreak havoc on the blood vessels, causing damage to them as well as instances of ischemic heart disease, increased chances of heart attacks as well as damage to the hepatic and renal systems (liver and kidneys).

These are but a few of the highly negative side effects of being exposed to polluted air in Multan, with many more available depending on how long an individual is exposed, the intensity of exposure along with physical predispositions and sensitivities towards certain chemicals and pollutants.

What can Multan do to reduce its pollution levels?

Some initiatives that the city of Multan could do to reduce its pollution levels in the long run, would be to crack down and introduce more stringent road rules, particularly regarding outdated vehicles that put out far more pollution than is considered safe. Others would be to monitor factories and hold them responsible by the introduction of charges and fines if they also exceed safe pollution level output.

Others would be to better maintain construction sites to reduce fine particle matter spilling off, as well as putting forth more initiatives to get people to make the switch over to public transport or ‘greener’ forms of transport such as cycling or walking instead of taking their cars or motorbikes. These are all small steps that if added together would go a long way in assisting to clean up the polluted atmosphere of Multan.

Multan空气质量数据来源

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