克拉科夫的空气质量

克拉科夫的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

数据提供者

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数据来源

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Krzysztof Marzec的主页标志European Environment Agency (EEA)的主页标志Inspekcja Ochrony Środowiska的主页标志WIOŚ MAŁOPOLSKIE的主页标志1 匿名数据提供者的主页标志IQAir的主页标志

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天气

克拉科夫现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气乌云密布
温度42.8°C
湿度87%
风速和风向11.5 mp/h
气压1021 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时波兰 热门城市排名

小提示图标
#city美国 AQI
1 比亚韦斯托克, Podlasie

157

2 梅萊茨, 喀尔巴阡山省

119

3 普热梅希尔, 喀尔巴阡山省

119

4 Domaszowice, Swietokrzyskie

118

5 卢布林, 卢布林省

117

6 馬沃戈什奇, Swietokrzyskie

105

7 登比察, 喀尔巴阡山省

99

8 波德拉謝地區拉曾, 卢布林省

97

9 苏瓦乌基, Podlasie

97

10 塔尔诺布热格, 喀尔巴阡山省

95

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时克拉科夫 AQI排名

实时克拉科夫空气质量排名

小提示图标
#station美国 AQI
1 Krakow, Ul. Eibischa

118

2 Saveinvest

96

3 Kraków - os. Piastów

78

4 Kraków - Aleja Krasińskiego

71

5 Kraków ul. Bulwarowa

71

6 Kraków os. Wadów

68

7 Kraków - ul. Złoty Róg

65

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

美国 AQI

87

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
中等

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

克拉科夫现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
中等 87 美国 AQItrendPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
29.4 µg/m³trend
pm10
27.9 µg/m³trend
so2
3.1 µg/m³trend

健康建议

克拉科夫空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标请关窗以防止室外脏空气进入室内
骑车图标敏感人群应减少室外运动

预报

克拉科夫空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期五, 4月 9

中等 59 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期六, 4月 10

中等 70 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期日, 4月 11

中等 64 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期一, 4月 12

中等 70 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标55.4°42.8°
风向272度流动

2.2 mp/h

今天

优秀 35 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标41°33.8°
风向341度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期三, 4月 14

优秀 20 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标35.6°33.8°
风向336度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期四, 4月 15

优秀 32 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标33.8°32°
风向290度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期五, 4月 16

优秀 37 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标33.8°32°
风向263度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期六, 4月 17

对敏感人群不健康 125 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标39.2°32°
风向255度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期日, 4月 18

中等 67 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标44.6°28.4°
风向135度流动

2.2 mp/h

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历史

克拉科夫历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在克拉科夫 空气的污染暴露值

克拉科夫 空气质量分析和数据

What is the air quality index of Krakow?

Kraków as it is written in Polish or Krakow in English is the second-largest city behind the capital of Warsaw. It is located in Lesser Poland on the Vistula River. At the end of 2019, the population was estimated to be over 1.7 million in its entire metropolitan area.

At the start of 2021, Krakow was experiencing “Moderate” quality air with a US AQI figure of 65. The concentration levels of particulate matter were as follows: PM2.4 - 18.9 µg/m³ and PM10 - 40.3 µg/m³. With concentrations as high as these, the advice is to close doors and windows to prevent the ingress of dirty air and those of a sensitive disposition should avoid outdoor activity until the air quality improves.

In 2019 during the colder winter months, the air quality was “Unhealthy” for sensitive groups” with figures between 35.5 and 55.4 µg/m³. Probably due to the increased need to heat the homes with fossil fuels. For the remainder of the year, the level was classed as “Moderate” with readings between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³. Over the last few years, the air quality has been marginally improving. 2017 saw levels of 30.2 µg/m³ whilst 2018 returned readings of 28.9 µg/m³. In 2019 it was 24.6 µg/m³.

What is the main source of Krakow’s polluted air?

Krakow smog is already widely known in Poland. Many people who drive into the city see this with their own eyes how the initially blue sky turns grey and finally becomes severely smoky. Of course, the inhabitants notice less and feel the air pollution less, but the habit does not mean that the smog is less disastrous for them! The causes of the Krakow smog include: burning of low-quality coal in coal-fired stoves, still quite often used in and around the city, pollution from transport in Krakow, as many people use personal vehicles on a daily basis for their commute into the city. The construction of air corridors which allow some pollutants to be blown away from the city and bring fresh air into it.

What can be done to improve the air quality in Krakow?

There is a whole raft of measures that are in the planning stage in order to improve the air quality in Krakow. These include, but are not limited to: the introduction of restrictions on the use of solid fuel installations, the expansion and modernisation of heating networks, the expansion of gas networks and the elimination of garbage incineration. The limitation of emissions from transport: to include the extension of the restricted traffic zone and limited paid parking, the improvement in the organisation in traffic flow, the development of public transport and implementation of energy-saving low-emission solutions in public transport and encouragement and/or incentives for the public to use it and introduce and extend the cycle network throughout the city.

Krakow became the first Polish city to be heated by sustainable fuels and not by pollution-causing fossil fuels from 1st September 2019, and it is hoped that other cities will follow suit.

People with low incomes are covered by the Local Shielding Program. Under this program, since 2014, support has been provided to cover the increased heating costs of the premises in connection with a permanent change of the heating system. More favourable terms of finance were also introduced to make the scheme appeal to more residents. In 2018, the Krakow City Council introduced new rules for granting aid for a permanent change of the heating system.

Will a new public transport system help with the air quality?

A proposition has been put forward to extend the tram system with priority given to Krakow Fast Tram. A new development of the traffic management system which would give priority for public transport, together with the improvement of traffic conditions for pedestrians and cyclists. More cycle routes are to be introduced and footpaths made wider and smoother.

It is also intended to replace the city bus fleet with vehicles that meet the highest exhaust emission standards and electric buses.

City bypasses will be expanded or introduced where necessary and traffic will be redirected away from the city centre if and where possible. The Implementation of the Parking Service Program for the City of Krakow which will include the extension of paid parking zones and the construction of Park & Ride car parks.

What are the effects of breathing Krakow smog?

Regardless of the causes and sources of smog in a city, it has an impact on the health of the people who live in it. The awareness of the threat should be related to limiting the activities that increase smog such as burning rubbish in stoves or driving a car for short distances that can be easily covered on foot, by bike or by public transport. The slogan "Krakow smog" is often searched for on the Internet in the context of the health risks it brings. Therefore, it is worth explaining briefly that in Poland, 45,000 people a year die from it, and about 10 per cent suffer from asthma, which is also life-threatening.

Despite the obvious link between exposure to air pollution and respiratory disease, most deaths attributed to air pollution are associated with cardiovascular disease. Increased exposure to pollutants increases the risk of, among others, myocardial infarction or sudden cardiac arrest. A particularly strong relationship between exposure to air pollutants (both particulate and gaseous) is observed in ischemic stroke.

Exposure to air pollution not only exacerbates existing cardiovascular diseases but also plays an important role in their development in previously healthy people. Taking into account the results of epidemiological studies, chronic exposure to air pollution was considered one of the causes of cardiovascular diseases in humans.

In 2013, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified particulate matter PM2.5 and PM10 as a proven group one carcinogen. A year earlier, exhaust fumes emitted by diesel engines were also considered carcinogenic, which, moreover, had been classified as a substance "probably carcinogenic to humans" as early as 1988.

Many studies confirm the relationship between breathing polluted air and the risk of developing certain cancers, especially lung cancer, but also bladder cancer.

It is worth emphasizing that the risk of lung cancer associated with long-term exposure to air pollution is usually significantly lower than the risk associated with long-term smoking. However, unlike tobacco smoke, virtually everyone is exposed to breathing polluted air.

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