格但斯克的空气质量

格但斯克的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

数据提供者

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数据来源

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Agency of Regional Air Quality Monitoring的主页标志European Environment Agency (EEA)的主页标志Inspekcja Ochrony Środowiska的主页标志AIRPOMERANIA - Pomorskie Voivodeship的主页标志1 匿名数据提供者的主页标志IQAir的主页标志

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天气

格但斯克现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气乌云密布
温度50°C
湿度71%
风速和风向8.1 mp/h
气压1020 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时波兰 热门城市排名

小提示图标
#city美国 AQI
1 Orzesze, 西里西亚省

122

2 希隆斯克地區希羅達, 下西里西亚省

114

3 兹盖日, 罗兹省

107

4 拉多姆斯科, 罗兹省

105

5 库特娜, 罗兹省

97

6 瓦斯克, 罗兹省

97

7 Goczalkowice Zdroj, 西里西亚省

93

8 普萊謝夫, 大波兰省

91

9 Domaszowice, Swietokrzyskie

90

10 Olbrachcice, Lubusz

88

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时格但斯克 AQI排名

实时格但斯克空气质量排名

小提示图标
#station美国 AQI
1 Gdańsk - Leczkowa

61

2 Gdańsk - Śródmieście

57

3 Gdansk - Kolonia Zreby

55

4 Gdańsk - Nowy Port

50

5 Gdańsk - Stogi

37

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

格但斯克 的网络图像

12:17, 4月 17

格但斯克 有空气污染吗

12:17, 4月 17格但斯克 的网络图像缩略图

美国 AQI

57

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
中等

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

格但斯克现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
中等 57 美国 AQItrendPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
15 µg/m³trend
pm10
21.4 µg/m³trend
no2
12.7 µg/m³trend
so2
1.6 µg/m³trend
co
265.6 µg/m³trend

健康建议

格但斯克空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标请关窗以防止室外脏空气进入室内
骑车图标敏感人群应减少室外运动

预报

格但斯克空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期三, 4月 14

优秀 29 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期四, 4月 15

优秀 21 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期五, 4月 16

优秀 33 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
今天

中等 52 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标50°39.2°
风向41度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期日, 4月 18

中等 72 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标46.4°41°
风向24度流动

2.2 mp/h

星期一, 4月 19

中等 68 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标53.6°42.8°
风向35度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期二, 4月 20

中等 61 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标50°41°
风向61度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期三, 4月 21

优秀 31 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标51.8°39.2°
风向264度流动

0 mp/h

星期四, 4月 22

中等 54 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标42.8°33.8°
风向214度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期五, 4月 23

优秀 36 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标44.6°33.8°
风向11度流动

13.4 mp/h

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历史

格但斯克历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在格但斯克 空气的污染暴露值

格但斯克 空气质量分析和数据

What is the air quality index of Gdansk?

Gdańsk is a city on the Baltic coast of northern Poland. With a 2019 estimated population of 470,907. Gdańsk is the largest city of the Pomeranian Voivodeship and serves as its capital. It is one of the most prominent cities within the geographical region of Kashubia. It is Poland's foremost seaport and the centre of the country's fourth-largest metropolitan area.

In 2021, it was experiencing “Moderate” quality air with a US AQI reading of 95. This is according to figures suggested by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The concentration of its pollutants are as follows: PM2.5 - 33 µg/m³, PM10 - 43.2 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 27.4 µg/m³, sulphur dioxide (SO2) - 10.4 µg/m³ and carbon monoxide (CO) - 504.8 µg/m³. At this level of pollution, the advice is to close doors and windows in order to prevent the ingress of dirty air and those of a sensitive disposition should avoid venturing outside unless it is absolutely necessary. Outdoor exercise should be avoided until the air quality improves.

What is the main source of air pollution in Gdansk?

Car traffic is a major cause in big cities, but nationwide the way many private homes are heated is the biggest source of air pollution. These are stoves that use coal and wood and are undoubtedly the main source of heating for many Polish people and the main source of pollution.

Since the restrictions put into place due to the COVID 19 pandemic, it can be seen that almost 17 per cent of city workers worked from home between January and April 2020. This lack of traffic contributed to a reduction in emissions but could be offset by the increase in the need to heat the home during the day.

Due to the lower number of cars on the roads, certain spaces within the city have been turned over to use by cyclists. Only three cities in Poland are encouraging cycling and walking as an alternative means of transport. These are Kraków, Gdańsk and Poznań.

Cycling was becoming more popular even before the pandemic but greater interest has been shown recently. One of Poland’s largest online cycle shop reported an increase of almost 150 per cent when compared to the same period of time in 2019.

Unfortunately, public transport is becoming less popular due to social distancing (or the lack of it). This situation needs to be addressed because the operating costs will continue to rise but revenue is falling. Users are all too tempted to go back to using their private cars where they feel safe and away from others.

Poland imports almost 1 million cars from Europe, annually. These tend to be older vehicles and therefore not as technologically advanced as modern vehicles.

Suggestions have been put forward with regards to a new system of taxation for imported cars. It is aimed at making the purchase of an old polluting vehicle almost prohibitive due to extremely high rates of tax. A figure of 10 times the current level has been suggested.

What is the pollution level in Gdansk?

In 2019, the overall quality of the air in Gdansk was “Moderate” with figures between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³. However, in February and March and May and July, it attained the WHO target figure of 10 µg/m³ or less. September saw a slight deterioration with a reading of 10-12 µg/m³. For the remaining 7 months, the figures were between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³. The air quality has been deteriorating slightly since 2017. In this year the average figure was 11.7 µg/m³, followed by 10.1 µg/m³ in 2018.

Is air pollution in Gdansk getting better or worse?

The authorities in Gdansk have realised they have a problem with air pollution and started to do something about it, 20 years ago. They have been relentlessly working to modernise the existing heating infrastructure, the main factor contributing to air pollution. During the winter months when more heat is needed, the south of Poland had worse quality air than Beijing. It was cruelly called “The European Capital of Smog” by one British newspaper.

What can be done to improve the air quality in Gdansk?

Poland’s Port of Gdansk, which is one of the largest seaports in the Baltic Sea, is using IoT (Internet of Things) tools to tackle emissions. Using a downloadable app, customers can monitor the state of air pollution at a given location, in real-time. The app compares the level of pollution with the norms and generates alerts if they are exceeded.

The system measures: air temperature and pressure; relative humidity; ammonia (NH3); hydrogen sulphide (H2S); phosphine (PH3); wind speed and direction; and rainfall. This data is centrally processed and the results made available via the app.

More than 84 per cent of world trade is carried by sea. Although carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from container vessels are comparatively much lower than the equivalent air freight emissions, an 18,000 TEU (twenty-foot equivalent unit) container vessel still emits 3 grams of carbon dioxide per tonne/kilometre. Recent studies suggest that maritime transport contributes to 3.5 – 4 per cent of pollution with sulphur, a highly carcinogenic agent.

The integration of land transport with ports also creates environmental impacts such as noise and air pollution and traffic congestion.

What are the effects of breathing Gdansk’s poor quality air?

PM2.5 is dust with particles no larger than 2.5 microns. The World Health Organisation (WHO) described it as the most harmful to human health in the group of atmospheric pollutants. Its harmfulness results, among other things, from the fact that its particles are so small that they can penetrate the alveoli into the bloodstream. Continuous breathing of polluted PM2.5 dust has been shown to reduce life expectancy. Even short-term exposure can be harmful, increasing the risk of respiratory and circulatory diseases. In addition, there are bothersome symptoms that occur directly as a result of contact with contaminated air, such as coughing, increased frequency of asthma, and a feeling of breathlessness. Breathing air contaminated with PM2.5 dust also increases the risk of heart attacks and arrhythmias.

PM10 is dust composed of particles with a diameter smaller than or equal to 10 microns. Its occurrence is mainly related to the combustion process of solid and liquid fossil fuels. Dust may contain substances that are toxic and harmful to humans. Smoke, soot, asbestos, metal particles (arsenic, nickel, cadmium, lead), dioxins, furans and benz(o)pyrene and other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons - all of these not only sound terrible but also have a negative impact on our health.

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