莫斯科的空气质量

莫斯科的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

数据提供者

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数据来源

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Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of Moscow的主页标志Breeeth!的主页标志3 匿名数据提供者的主页标志Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of Moscow的主页标志IQAir的主页标志PurpleAir的主页标志

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天气

莫斯科现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气晴朗
温度62.6°C
湿度31%
风速和风向22.4 mp/h
气压1020 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时俄罗斯 热门城市排名

小提示图标
#city美国 AQI
1 Berezovka, Krasnoyarsk Krai

112

2 坎斯克, Krasnoyarsk Krai

112

3 Solnechnyy, Krasnoyarsk Krai

112

4 克拉斯诺亚尔斯克, Krasnoyarsk Krai

88

5 泽列诺戈尔斯克, Krasnoyarsk Krai

88

6 阿钦斯克, Krasnoyarsk Krai

68

7 斯捷尔利塔马克, Bashkortostan

67

8 Serpukhov, 莫斯科州

65

9 Tol'yatti, Samara

59

10 马格尼托哥尔斯克, Chelyabinsk

56

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时莫斯科 AQI排名

实时莫斯科空气质量排名

小提示图标
#station美国 AQI
1 Dolgoprudnaya

88

2 Marjino

86

3 M2 (Zhulebino)

70

4 Ulitsa Vinnitskaya

70

5 Sukharevskaya Square

68

6 Proletarian Avenue

65

7 Spartakovskaya Square

65

8 MKAD 105 East

63

9 Shabolovka

61

10 Lower Maslivka

59

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

美国 AQI

56

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
中等

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

莫斯科现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
中等 56 美国 AQItrendPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
14.5 µg/m³trend
pm10
57 µg/m³trend
o3
107.7 µg/m³trend
no2
20.7 µg/m³
so2
2.9 µg/m³trend
co
220 µg/m³trend

健康建议

莫斯科空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标请关窗以防止室外脏空气进入室内
骑车图标敏感人群应减少室外运动

预报

莫斯科空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期三, 4月 14

中等 99 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期四, 4月 15

中等 85 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期五, 4月 16

优秀 45 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
今天

优秀 40 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标62.6°46.4°
风向76度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期日, 4月 18

优秀 45 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标48.2°41°
风向110度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期一, 4月 19

优秀 43 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标46.4°39.2°
风向70度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期二, 4月 20

中等 72 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标39.2°33.8°
风向83度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期三, 4月 21

对敏感人群不健康 110 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标44.6°37.4°
风向127度流动

13.4 mp/h

星期四, 4月 22

对敏感人群不健康 111 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标51.8°37.4°
风向217度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期五, 4月 23

对敏感人群不健康 110 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标59°41°
风向172度流动

4.5 mp/h

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历史

莫斯科历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在莫斯科 空气的污染暴露值

莫斯科 空气质量分析和数据

What is the air quality index of Moscow?

Moscow is the capital and also the largest city in Russia. It is situated on the banks of the Moskva River in Central Russia. The population for the entire Moscow Metropolitan area was over 20 million people in 2019. This metropolitan area covers over 26,000 square kilometres making it one of the largest cities in the world.

At the end of 2020 Moscow was recording "Good" levels of air quality with a figure of 45 US AQI according to levels recommenced by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The concentration of PM2.5 which is the main pollutant was 11 µg/m³. Readings for the other pollutants are as follows: - PM10 - 11 µg/m³, ozone (O3) - 14.4 µg/m³, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) - 30.9 µg/m³, sulphur dioxide (SO2) - 2.3 µg/m³ and carbon monoxide (CO) - 200 µg/m³.

The average figure for 2019 was 10 µg/m³ which is on the upper limit of the WHO target level. This figure was also attainted for 7 months of the year. 2 other months showed a "Good" reading of between 10 and 12 µg/m³ whilst the remaining three months returned a "Moderate" reading with figures between 12.1 and 35.4 µg/m³.

What are the main sources of Moscow’s polluted air?

In Moscow, St Petersburg and other large cities in the European part of Russia, more than 80 per cent of atmospheric pollution is attributed to traffic. Although these are not the most polluted parts of Russia. The dirtiest cities are far away from the capital, situated in a seemingly idyllic setting such as Siberia and the Urals which are where the majority of the country’s mining, chemical and other heavy industries are concentrated.

In Moscow air pollution accounts for 5,000 premature deaths annually. This figure is roughly twice as many as the number of deaths caused by road accidents.

Car ownership for many Muscovites is regarded as a status symbol and it is thought that the market is still far from saturation point. Many Muscovites live in cramped rented apartments on the outskirts of the city and spend eight to ten hours a day working in their offices. They virtually “live” in their comfortable cars for between two to four hours daily. It’s comfortable inside and they can listen to their favourite music and enjoy their own space which they don’t have much opportunity to enjoy elsewhere.

Is air pollution in Moscow getting better or worse?

In November 2020, Moscow measured its highest level of air pollution in almost 16 years. Having studied the available data, experts discovered there had been three times as many “high” and “extremely high” instances of air pollution within the first nine months of the year. This was more than the entire previous year.

Russia’s Hydrometeorology Centre, whose data was used for the study has recorded 171 “high” or “extreme” instances of air pollution which was the highest total since data was made available in 2005. In the months of July-September 125 instances were recorded which is just one fewer than in all of 2010 and is double the annual number in 2019.

A “High” level of pollution refers to the concentration of one or more pollutants at 10 times the maximum permissible levels whilst “Extreme” pollution refers to concentrations of pollutants between 20 and 50 times the allowable levels. At such times, the pollutants can be detected by smell. Acid rain can also be produced under these conditions.

What can be done to improve the air quality in Moscow?

Following the World Cup in 2018, Greenpeace Russia conducted a survey and found that 82 per cent of Muscovites were dissatisfied with their air quality. A similar percentage were well-aware that vehicle emissions are the primary cause of air pollution. Fortunately, the local government is becoming increasingly aware of the general feeling of unrest toward this situation. The transition to a greener public transportation network has begun.

Restrictions have been proposed which would prohibit heavily-polluting vehicles from entering the city. Any vehicle below the Euro-3 emission standard would be barred. One of the key components towards a cleaner city would be the introduction of low emission zones. Under this ambitious plan, air pollution from nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) vehicle emissions would be reduced by 25 per cent. The city has installed almost 80 electric vehicle charging stations, with a similar number planned for installation in the coming years.

It is hoped that Moscow will introduce more pedestrianised areas and introduce cycle lanes or tracks to encourage this clean mode of transportation.

Due to the lack of access to information about air quality, public protests against air pollution in Moscow are seldom seen. What protests do take place often concentrate either on companies known to be guilty of polluting the atmosphere and new infrastructure projects such as motorways, or the protection of threatened green zones.

The current protest campaigns are with regards to a new stadium which is planned to be built on the site of the existing Park Druzhby (Friendship Park); a road to be built across the 18th century French style Kuskovo Park which is regarded as one of the most beautiful in Moscow and the felling of trees in Kokoshkino, a village incorporated in the recent expansion of the capital known as "New Moscow".

What are the effects on health through breathing in Moscow’s polluted air?

Exposure to high levels of air pollution can cause a variety of health problems ranging from mild coughs and wheezes to respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer. The severity of the effects depends a lot on the concentration of the pollutants and the length of time exposed to it.

Some basic precautions would be to wear a good quality face mask when venturing outside when the air is heavily polluted. Closing doors and windows will help prevent the ingress of the dirty air. Outdoor exercise should be avoided at these times, instead, consider exercising in the local shopping mall by walking through the concourse and up and down the staircases.

An air purifier could be considered if the frequency becomes too often. These are available both for the home and the car.

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