新西伯利亚的空气质量

新西伯利亚的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

*IQAir的AQI是根据卫星数据建模估算 了解更多

新西伯利亚没有地面空气监测站

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天气

新西伯利亚现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气中雨
温度35.6°C
湿度87%
风速和风向8.9 mp/h
气压1026 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时俄罗斯 热门城市排名

小提示图标
#city美国 AQI
1 Kamensk-Shakhtinskiy, Rostov

133

2 斯捷尔利塔马克, Bashkortostan

78

3 Tol'yatti, Samara

68

4 Krasnaya Pahra, Moscow

63

5 Krasnodar, Krasnodarskiy

57

6 Serpukhov, 莫斯科州

57

7 莫斯科, Moscow

53

8 Saint Petersburg, St.-Petersburg

50

9 巴拉希哈, 莫斯科州

47

10 马格尼托哥尔斯克, Chelyabinsk

45

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时新西伯利亚 AQI排名

实时新西伯利亚空气质量排名

小提示图标

基于卫星数据的城市AQI。目前新西伯利亚没有地面监测站。

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美国 AQI

51 *

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
中等

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

新西伯利亚现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
中等 51 美国 AQIPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
12.1 µg/m³

健康建议

新西伯利亚空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标请关窗以防止室外脏空气进入室内
骑车图标敏感人群应减少室外运动

预报

新西伯利亚空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
今天

优秀 24 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标41°32°
风向307度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期三, 4月 14

优秀 11 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标39.2°32°
风向237度流动

13.4 mp/h

星期四, 4月 15

优秀 50 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标44.6°35.6°
风向214度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期五, 4月 16

优秀 42 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标59°35.6°
风向230度流动

13.4 mp/h

星期六, 4月 17

优秀 46 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标44.6°32°
风向46度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期日, 4月 18

优秀 10 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标53.6°32°
风向29度流动

4.5 mp/h

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历史

新西伯利亚历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在新西伯利亚 空气的污染暴露值

新西伯利亚 空气质量分析和数据

What is the air quality index of Novosibirsk?

Novosibirsk is situated in the south-western part of Siberia on the banks of the Ob River in Russia. It is the third most populous city after Moscow and St. Petersburg. In 2018 it had an estimated population of over 1.6 million people. Its location was chosen as it is the site of the Novosibirsk Rail Bridge which would eventually carry the Trans-Siberian Railway. Because of this, it soon grew into a major transport hub and with it, commerce and industry.

At the beginning of 2021, Novosibirsk was enjoying “Good” air quality with a US AQI figure of just 17. The concentration level of PM2.5 particulate matter was 4.1 µg/m³. With levels as low as these, it is recommended that windows are opened to allow the fresh air into the house. All forms of outdoor activity can be enjoyed without worry.

What is the main source of air pollution in Novosibirsk?

The main sources of air pollution in the region are automobile transportation accounting for 73.3 per cent of gross emissions in the region, heat power enterprises account for 10.4 per cent, utility boilers (both housing and communal services) and stove heating in the private sector. There has been a gradual decrease in environmental pollution with lead. The share of leaded gasoline was 2.2 per cent, NGV fuel - 0.3 per cent. For the city of Novosibirsk and the cities of regional subordination, in which the bulk of vehicles and stationary sources of emissions are concentrated, the problem of air protection from pollution is of priority importance.

In the 90s, the pollution index was 30, now it is 6-7. As a metropolis, Novosibirsk is a fairly clean city for most of the year. And, as in any megalopolis, and Novosibirsk is no exception, the main source of pollution is vehicle emissions.

An air examination was carried out on Wednesday, 3rd June 2020, in the Pervomaisky district of Novosibirsk to determine the source of the dirty air. A comprehensive study on the concentration of harmful substances, soot and dust was organised at the request of residents. This year, due to early spring, the fight against dust began earlier. But air purity also depends on emissions from industry, vehicles and also on weather conditions.

What is the pollution level in Novosibirsk?

In July 2019 the level of air pollution in Novosibirsk became hazardous. The online air monitoring service showed that the air in Novosibirsk was now eight points out of ten polluted. The platform determines the air quality according to the scale: 1 - clean air, 10 - very dirty/hazardous.

Note that on 18-19th July, the service put Novosibirsk in the top three of polluted cities in Russia, but on 20th July the figure jumped sharply. The pollutants present in the air were PM2.5 (dust particles up to 2.5 microns) - 160 - 284 µg/m³, PM10 (dust particles up to 10 microns) - 300 - 539 µg/m³ in Novosibirsk). Normally, these indicators should not exceed 10 and 19 µg/m³, respectively. Therefore, the system summarised the level of air pollution in Novosibirsk as “very harmful”.

Even though these figures are from 2019, similar figures were recorded in January 2021 when Novosibirsk was the only city in Russia in which the level of air pollution was estimated at 9 points. This was mainly due to the unusually still air.

Is air pollution in Novosibirsk getting better or worse?

The air pollution in Novosibirsk is neither getting better nor worse. There are times of the year when the air quality is good with no problems. But then at other times of year forest fires occur in the nearby areas and blanket the city with noxious smoke and fumes. This can be compounded by the stillness of the air and the ever-present exhaust fumes from vehicles and industry and that causes atmospheric pollution. The burning of leaves and other such organic material is banned but such a ban is very difficult to monitor.

What is the state of air quality in Novosibirsk?

Compared to other Russian megacities, everything is very good in Novosibirsk, the capital of Siberia. There are no large enterprises of ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, chemical and pulp and paper industries, oil and coke refineries. Those industries certainly emit especially dangerous air pollutants. Even a large cement plant works in Iskitim, 70 km from the southern outskirts of the city is not a real problem. Coal and gas energy, the aircraft industry, mechanical engineering and metalworking, as well as construction and transport are the main sectors of the urban economy. All of them are not particularly "dirty", and against the background of Omsk, where a large oil refinery works right in the city limits, or the same Krasnoyarsk, where there is an aluminium plant, Novosibirsk really looks like a relatively prosperous oasis.

And the location on the Priobskoye plateau of the West Siberian Plain, with a predominantly south-western wind rose, provides a good "ventilation" of the territory.

What are the effects of breathing Novosibirsk’s poor quality air?

Ozone (O3), which is the main constituent of smog, is a powerful irritant and oxidizing agent. Ozone levels are highest in the summer months during late morning and early afternoon. Short-term exposure can cause shortness of breath, chest pain and airway tenderness. Children who spend more time outdoors on days of high ozone pollution are more likely to develop bronchial asthma. Long-term exposure to ozone results in a slight long-term impairment of lung function.

Sulphur oxides from the combustion of high-sulphur fossil fuels can form highly soluble acidic aerosols that are deposited in the upper respiratory tract. Sulphur oxides can cause airway inflammation, increasing the risk of chronic bronchitis and causing bronchoconstriction.

Particulate air pollution is a complex mixture produced by burning fossil fuels (especially diesel). The particles can cause local and systemic inflammatory reactions, which explains their effect on the state of both the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. The so-called PM2.5 particles (less than 2.5 microns in diameter) cause a more pronounced inflammatory response than larger particles. Current evidence suggests that air pollution increases mortality from all causes, especially from diseases of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.

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