喀山的空气质量

喀山的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

*IQAir的AQI是根据卫星数据建模估算 了解更多

喀山没有地面空气监测站

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天气

喀山现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气晴朗
温度44.6°C
湿度65%
风速和风向11.2 mp/h
气压1036 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时俄罗斯 热门城市排名

小提示图标
#city美国 AQI
1 Kamensk-Shakhtinskiy, Rostov

133

2 斯捷尔利塔马克, Bashkortostan

78

3 Tol'yatti, Samara

68

4 Krasnaya Pahra, Moscow

63

5 Krasnodar, Krasnodarskiy

57

6 Serpukhov, 莫斯科州

57

7 莫斯科, Moscow

53

8 Saint Petersburg, St.-Petersburg

50

9 巴拉希哈, 莫斯科州

47

10 马格尼托哥尔斯克, Chelyabinsk

45

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时喀山 AQI排名

实时喀山空气质量排名

小提示图标

基于卫星数据的城市AQI。目前喀山没有地面监测站。

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美国 AQI

64 *

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
中等

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

喀山现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
中等 64 美国 AQIPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
18.1 µg/m³

健康建议

喀山空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标请关窗以防止室外脏空气进入室内
骑车图标敏感人群应减少室外运动

预报

喀山空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期一, 4月 12

中等 64 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标50°33.8°
风向69度流动

8.9 mp/h

今天

中等 54 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标62.6°39.2°
风向162度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期三, 4月 14

优秀 43 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标62.6°44.6°
风向159度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期四, 4月 15

优秀 46 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标64.4°44.6°
风向178度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期五, 4月 16

优秀 35 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标53.6°42.8°
风向19度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期六, 4月 17

优秀 10 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标44.6°35.6°
风向4度流动

17.9 mp/h

星期日, 4月 18

优秀 6 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标50°30.2°
风向302度流动

13.4 mp/h

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历史

喀山历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在喀山 空气的污染暴露值

喀山 空气质量分析和数据

What is the air quality index of Kazan?

Kazan is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia. The city lies at the convergence of the Volga and the Kazanka rivers. In 2010 the estimated population was 1.6 million people.

At the beginning of 2021, Kazan was experiencing some “Good” quality air with a US AQI reading of just 9. This is according to classifications by the World Health Organisation (WHO). The recorded level of the PM2.5 pollutant was 2.1 µg/m³. With figures at this level, doors and windows can be opened to let in some fresh air and outdoor activities can be enjoyed without thinking about the air quality.

What is the main source of air pollution in Kazan?

The main air pollutant is emissions from vehicles, which account for 70 per cent of the total air pollution. For enterprises, it is 30 per cent. Between June and September, 800 vehicles were checked for excess emissions. 10 per cent of these vehicles failed the test!

It is very difficult to hide from vehicle emissions because smoke from the exhaust pipes pollutes every street and is detected in the courtyard of every residential building. In the "Report on Human Development in the Russian Federation", air pollution from transport is named as the main environmental factor affecting human health.

As for the industrial emissions, Kazanorgsintez enterprises, gunpowder and brick factories have installed gas cleaning systems in an attempt to clean their emissions. At the MUE Vodokanal, work has been completed to equip treatment facilities with special designs for air purification systems.

Is air pollution in Kazan getting better or worse?

In the summer of 2018, volunteers deployed 50 Palm diffusion tubes throughout the city, including the suburban settlements of Osinovo and Zaymishche. Then between two and four weeks later, the volunteers collected the tubes and sent them for examination. 41 samples were analysed, but some of the tubes were rejected.

One indicator was studied for the concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2). This gas is generated from vehicle exhausts and as a result of industrial emissions. The maximum permissible concentration (MPC) of nitrogen dioxide is 40 µg / m³. Anything above is unhealthy. It turned out that there are several places in Kazan where it was exceeded.

A study actually confirmed the assumption of environmentalists and activists in that Kazan needs urgent measures to reduce air pollution, including from vehicles. Further expansion of roads, lack of prospective development of ecological public transport, pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure can further increase the concentration of nitrogen dioxide in the air.

What can be done to improve the air quality in Kazan?

Greenpeace, based on data from satellites from June 2018 to May 2019, compiled a rating of air pollution in large cities of Russia with nitrogen dioxide. Kazan took ninth place in the ranking. The first and second places went to Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a dangerous toxic gas that causes respiratory symptoms and lung disease with acute exposure and increases the risk of chronic disease with prolonged exposure. The presence of nitrogen dioxide in the atmosphere leads to the formation of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3), two of the most important airborne pollutants in terms of damage to public health worldwide. Long-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide is associated with increased mortality rates worldwide.

Schoolchildren in different parts of the country were sent kits for conducting lessons, in which they will learn how to reduce emissions of harmful substances if they change from a private car to public transport.

Greening (or the planting of trees and shrubs) is one of the main measures in the fight for clean air in large cities. It is the green spaces that take on a significant load to reduce gas pollution. Due to the fact that the trees shed their leaves, we feel the smoke and smog more strongly in autumn. Plants also reduce the number of pathogenic microbes in the air, releasing special substances known as phytoncides. For example, there is five times less pathogenic flora in the air of a forest than in an urban area.

In Kazan, the amount of greenery has decreased since 2007 as the city was actively built up for various events, and many small parks and squares were developed. It is more profitable to sell a piece of land for redevelopment than to use it as a park.

What are the effects of breathing Kazan’s poor quality air?

Air pollution can cause cancer, cardiovascular, respiratory and other diseases. Every year in Russia there are between 80 and 140 thousand premature deaths due to air pollution.

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is a gas with a very strong odour (in concentrations in the atmospheric air of large cities, it is mostly odourless) has a pronounced irritant effect on the respiratory tract and general toxic effect. Nitrogen dioxide is produced because of the combustion process and is commonly found in the atmosphere in close association with other major pollutants. One of the main sources of air pollution with nitrogen dioxide are vehicles with internal combustion engines, primarily of low ecological class and diesel ones, as well as energy facilities, heat supply facilities, and industry using fossil fuels. At the same time, the share of vehicles in the total air pollution of cities, including nitrogen dioxide and other associated pollutants, can reach 80-90 per cent. The average daily maximum permissible concentration (MPC) for nitrogen dioxide in accordance with Russian standards is 40 μg / m3. Anything above is unhealthy.

Because of the polluted air, coughing increases, asthma attacks and cases of bronchitis become more frequent. In general, this can lead to an increase in overall mortality, in particular, mortality from cardiovascular diseases and respiratory diseases. In addition, benz (o) pyrene is especially dangerous as it has a carcinogenic effect. There is a large quantity of it in the exhaust gases of cars. In order to reduce the level of pollution, it is necessary first of all to pay attention to the emissions of vehicles. To do this, improve vehicle traffic, minimise traffic jams, repair roads on time, and use fuel with improved environmental characteristics. Modern vehicles are fitted with the latest technology which helps clean the exhaust gases before they are emitted, usually known as a catalytic convertor.

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