伯明翰的空气质量

伯明翰的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

数据提供者

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数据来源

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Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs - UK AIR的主页标志European Environment Agency (EEA)的主页标志Ricardo Energy & Environment的主页标志Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs - UK AIR的主页标志European Environment Agency (EEA)的主页标志Ricardo Energy & Environment的主页标志

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天气

伯明翰现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气晴朗
温度32°C
湿度93%
风速和风向1.7 mp/h
气压1039 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时英国 热门城市排名

#city美国 AQI
1 Aston, 英格兰

155

2 霍利伍德, Northern Ireland

155

3 劍橋, 英格兰

139

4 Girton, 英格兰

133

5 Cowley, 英格兰

130

6 Stockton, 英格兰

123

7 Westbury, 英格兰

122

8 斯肯索普, 英格兰

121

9 哈特福, 英格兰

119

10 Tadley, 英格兰

119

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时伯明翰 AQI排名

实时伯明翰空气质量排名

#station美国 AQI
1 Birmingham Acocks Green

30

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

美国 AQI

93 *

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
中等

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

伯明翰现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
中等 93 美国 AQIPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
32.2 µg/m³

健康建议

伯明翰空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标请关窗以防止室外脏空气进入室内
骑车图标敏感人群应减少室外运动

预报

伯明翰空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
今天

对敏感人群不健康 105 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标50°32°
风向86度流动

2.2 mp/h

星期一, 3月 1

对敏感人群不健康 103 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标50°35.6°
风向83度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期二, 3月 2

中等 95 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标51.8°35.6°
风向127度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期三, 3月 3

对敏感人群不健康 107 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标53.6°42.8°
风向211度流动

0 mp/h

星期四, 3月 4

对敏感人群不健康 127 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标46.4°42.8°
风向51度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期五, 3月 5

对敏感人群不健康 146 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标41°35.6°
风向121度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期六, 3月 6

中等 79 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标39.2°37.4°
风向137度流动

8.9 mp/h

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历史

伯明翰历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在伯明翰 空气的污染暴露值

伯明翰 空气质量分析和数据

Are pollution levels bad in Birmingham?

Birmingham is a city located in the west midlands of the United Kingdom, some 163km away from the capital city of London. Like many cities in England, it has a rich history of industry going back hundreds of years to the era of industrial revolution. Pollution levels would have been elevated even in times past due to the large amount of coal and other materials used to power these industrial plants. In present times, with many of these historical factories having been long gone, pollution still seems to be a part of day to day life in the city, with relatively high readings being shown in Birmingham when compared to many other cities in England.

When observing the levels of pollution recorded in Birmingham over the year of 2019, it can be seen that its yearly average came in at a number of 9.7 µg/m³, in regards to the level of fine particulate matter, or PM2.5 in the air. This PM2.5 refers to fine particulate matter roughly 3% of the diameter of a human hair, or 2.5 or less micrometers in diameter, making it extremely small and thus dangerous when inhaled, hence why it is used as a primary measurement of air pollution and for calculating air quality index numbers.

Returning to the yearly average as taken in 2019, this reading of 9.7 µg/m³ put Birmingham into the World Health Organizations target rating of any reading between 0 to 10 µg/m³ being optimal for healthy air quality. This reading placed it in 59th place out of all cities in the UK in terms of air pollution, and 2718th place out of all the cities ranked worldwide in 2019. Whilst these are good positions, with a yearly average falling into the WHO’s target meaning that the overall air quality is very respectable, there are certain months that see large pollution spikes, meaning that the air pollution levels may be hazardous to peoples health at certain times of the year, and as such staying up to date and taking preventative measures may be helpful during these times.

What are some of the main causes of air pollution in Birmingham?

Birmingham sees the majority of its pollution coming from sources such as vehicle fumes and emissions. There are a large number of roads around Birmingham that are known for their high levels of pollution and smoke buildup, with pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) being found in elevated concentrations around such areas. Nitrogen dioxide, and other forms of nitrogen oxides (NOx) are often the main pollutant found in areas with high vehicle concentration, so much so that satellite or other pollution reading methods that show high levels of nitrogen dioxide often directly match with a high amount of traffic, and as such these high levels can be used to predict if an area has a vehicular pollution problem, due to their distinct correlation with one another.

Sulfur dioxide is also another form of pollution that comes from vehicles (as well as the burning of wood and coal, which is still common in fireplaces and other traditional heat stoves found country wide, as is common in all countries that see colder months of the year). As well as being a noxious gas to breathe, it also affects the climate by entering into rain clouds and raising the level of acidity, giving rise to the infamous phenomena of acid rain.

Other pollutants that find themselves being emitted from vehicles include carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOC’s) as well as hydrocarbons and black carbon, the latter of which is the primary component in soot and has disastrous effects on health when inhaled, due to its tiny size and chemical structure. Even the act of refueling a car can cause gasoline fumes to enter the atmosphere, adding to the ambient year-round pollution levels. So, to summate, the main causes of pollution in Birmingham are vehicle fumes and other pollutants arising from the motor vehicle industry as a whole, as well as the burning of wood and fossil fuels during colder months.

What effect does the use of fossil fuels have on Birmingham's air quality?

When observing the data of PM2.5 readings taken during 2019, it is apparent that the air pollution levels are worse during the winter months. This finds its roots in the burning of coal and other organic matter such as wood, which can release a variety of the previously mentioned pollutants such as volatile organic compounds and black carbon, both of which are created by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels (as well as organic matter such as wood or other dead plant materials). These would cause pollution levels to rise during the coldest months, as can be clearly seen on the IQAir reading chart for the city, with February coming in as the most polluted month with a PM2.5 reading of 20.8 µg/m³.

The use of diesel fuels in motor vehicles would also add to the year-round pollution levels, and contribute to causing areas of particularly bad smoke and haze buildup. As diesel is also a fossil fuel, its continued use would see pollution levels that are higher than they should be if cleaner fuel alternatives were to be used, showing the highly negative impact that the use of fossil fuels has on air quality in Birmingham.

When is Birmingham at its worst in terms of air quality?

Looking at the readings of 2019, the months that came in with the highest levels of PM2.5 were January, February and April, as well as November coming in with slightly elevated readings, however not as prominently raised as the months at the beginning of the year. As previously mentioned, February came in at the absolute worst, with a reading of 20.8 µg/m³, putting it into the ‘moderate’ pollution bracket (12.1 to 35.4 µg/m³ to be classed as such), followed by April at 19.3 µg/m³, and then January at 12.2 µg/m³. This is indicative that the months of February and April had the most prominent levels of pollution, with potentially hazardous spikes occurring that may cause health issues for vulnerable demographics of the population.

Is the air quality in Birmingham improving?

Regarding the data recorded over the last few years, it shows that indeed the level of air quality in Birmingham is slowly getting better, although as mentioned there are months with particularly high levels of PM2.5 that are still tainting the years overall readings, and as it stands it could certainly be cleaner.

However, for now, the air has shown a trend that tends towards positive improvements, with the year of 2017 coming in at an average of 10.6 µg/m³, followed by a sudden rise in 2018 to 11.8 µg/m³, both of which put it into the ‘good’ rated air quality bracket. In more modern times, the 2019 reading was within the WHO’s target goal of 9.7 µg/m³, showing a marked improvement, and if this trend continues, it stands to reason that the air quality in Birmingham will only continue to improve, if of course the sources of pollution are addressed with proper enforcement and long-term initiatives.

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