慕尼黑的空气质量

慕尼黑的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

最后更新 (当地时间)

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天气

慕尼黑现在的天气怎么样?

天气
温度37.4°C
湿度100%
风速和风向2.2 mp/h
气压1013 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时德国 热门城市排名

#city美国 AQI
1Weiden in der Oberpfalz

63

2Schongau

58

3帕绍

53

4普法尔茨格拉芬韦勒

48

5Ansbach

45

6菲尔特

45

7格尔利茨

45

8尼斯基

45

9纽伦堡

45

10拉德博伊尔

45

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时慕尼黑 AQI排名

实时慕尼黑空气质量排名

#station美国 AQI
1München/Landshuter Allee

45

2München/Johanneskirchen

21

3München/Lothstraße

21

4München/Stachus

7

5Allach

2

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

慕尼黑 的网络图像

7:03, 10月 25

慕尼黑 有空气污染吗

美国 AQI

21

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
优秀

概览

慕尼黑现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
优秀21 美国 AQIPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
5 µg/m³
pm10
8 µg/m³
o3
5 µg/m³
no2
19 µg/m³

健康建议

慕尼黑空气污染,如何做好防护?

Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
Enjoy outdoor activities

预报

慕尼黑空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期四, 10月 22

中等62 美国 AQI

星期五, 10月 23

中等61 美国 AQI

星期六, 10月 24

中等56 美国 AQI

今天

优秀17 美国 AQI

星期一, 10月 26

优秀26 美国 AQI

face icon
weather icon53.6°41°

8.9 mp/h

星期二, 10月 27

优秀14 美国 AQI

face icon
weather icon46.4°37.4°

4.5 mp/h

星期三, 10月 28

优秀29 美国 AQI

face icon
weather icon50°35.6°

2.2 mp/h

星期四, 10月 29

优秀16 美国 AQI

face icon
weather icon55.4°44.6°

11.2 mp/h

星期五, 10月 30

优秀17 美国 AQI

face icon
weather icon55.4°44.6°

4.5 mp/h

星期六, 10月 31

优秀20 美国 AQI

face icon
weather icon55.4°41°

6.7 mp/h

想了解每小时预报吗? 下载App

历史

慕尼黑历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在慕尼黑 空气的污染暴露值

慕尼黑 空气质量分析和数据

How is the air quality in Munich?

According to the city rankings, the air in Munich in 2019 could be described as "good" overall. However, with an average fine dust value PM2.5 of 10.6 µg/m3, air pollution in Munich was around 6% above the World Health Organisation (WHO) guideline value of 10 µg/m3 for fine dust. In the two previous years, air quality values were only "moderate", with 13.6 µg/m3 in 2018 and 13.8 µg/m3 in 2017. February was the month when air quality in Munich was worst in 2019, with 14.3 µg/m3.1 This means that in 2019, Munich can report an improvement in air quality of over 20% compared to the two previous years.


The real-time map of air pollution in Munich can be viewed at the top of this page along with the air quality forecast for Munich.

How has air quality in Munich evolved?

The air quality in Munich has improved a little over the years. The PM2.5 value has decreased since monitoring began in 2010. This long-term development can be observed at five air quality measuring stations in Munich. The strongest decrease can be observed at the station Landshuter Allee, a very busy location. Since the beginning of the measurements, the PM2.5 concentration here has decreased by 8.7 µg/m3. Another four stations have also recorded a decrease in fine dust concentration: Muggenhof by 4.6 µg/m3, Stachus by 3.8 µg/m3 and Lothstraße by 3.4 µg/m3. Solely at the measuring location Johanneskirchen the fine dust concentration could drop only 0.7 µg/m3 within a period of 7 years.2


An improvement in nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels can also be observed over the years. The measuring station that has recorded the greatest change over the years is Stachus in the Sonnenstraße, with a NO2 decrease of 32 µg/m3 over the last ten years. The Landshuter Allee station also showed a strong decrease in NO2 values, with a reduction of 25 µg/m3. It should be noted, however, that these are the two stations in Munich with the highest initial values. The NO2 values decreased by 5.2 µg/m3 at Lothstraße and by 5.4 µg/m3 at Johanneskirchen.3


The proportion of carbon monoxide (CO) did not change much during the ten-year test period, as the CO concentration in Munich air was already at a very low level. Nevertheless, compared to the rest of Bavaria, apart from Augsburg, Munich had the strongest decrease in CO values. This was measured at the Stachus station with a reduction of 0.22 mg/m3. The CO value at Landshuter Allee has improved by 0.17 mg/m3 over the last ten years.4

What pollutes the air in Munich?

Most of the air pollution with fine dust (PM10 and PM2.5) and nitrogen oxides in Munich is due to road traffic. At 52%, traffic is the main polluter of PM2.5 in the air. Industry, which is normally always in second place, contributes only 3% of the fine dust emissions in the state capital Munich. A large percentage of PM2.5 is emitted into the air by small-scale combustion in private households, i.e. by heating a stove or fireplace. However, since 2012, the city of Munich has always been able to comply with the particulate matter limits prescribed by the European Community (EU).5 In addition to particulate matter, the air is filled with various other pollutants that are released by the various emission sources. Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) has an annual mean value limit of 40 µg/m3 and an hourly mean value limit of 200 µg/m3. Munich has also been able to comply with these values for the hourly mean value since 2016. However, the annual mean value was not met in 2017 and 2018.6

What use is the environmental zone within the middle ring in Munich?

The environmental zone was introduced in many German cities to protect air quality. Munich introduced the environmental zone on October 1, 2008. To be allowed to drive in the low emission zone, the vehicle must have an environmental badge. Over the years, the rules have been tightened to determine which sticker is required to enter the zone. Since 2012 only vehicles with a green sticker can enter the low emission zone. Excluded from this are for example ambulances, vehicles of doctors and diplomats and vehicles with special permits. A vehicle without an environmental sticker can be fined 80 euros in the low emission zone.7

What contribution does Munich make towards improving air quality?

In order to reduce air pollution in Munich, a support program was developed.8 This consists of measures to reduce traffic and promote more environmentally friendly means of transport. In addition, the city wants to support local public transport in the long term by expanding the subway and streetcar lines. In order to support the bicycle traffic, the bicycle path network will be expanded. The electric mobility will be strengthened not only by the expansion of the electric vehicles, but also by the electrification of the bus and cab fleet. The infrastructure for charging public transport as well as passenger cars will play an important role here. Traffic management, mobility sharing and pooling, parking space management and urban logistics are to play a decisive role in the coming years in reducing mileage-related emissions through this plan. Another important field of action is the proper marketing of these actions in order to motivate the population to change their current mode of transport.9


+ Article Resources

[1]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Luftqualität. muenchen.de.
[2]Feinstaub PM2,5. (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[3]Stickstoffdioxid (NO2). (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[4]Kohlenmonoxid (CO). (2020). Bayerisches Landesamt für Umwelt.
[5]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Feinstaub. muenchen.de.
[6]Dicke Luft – Reinheitsgebot für Münchner Luft. (o. J.). Reinheitsgebot für Münchner Luft.
[7]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Umweltzone: Worum geht es? muenchen.de.
[8]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Das Integrierte Handlungsprogramm zur Förderung der Elektromobilität in München (IHFEM 2015). muenchen.de.
[9]Landeshauptstadt München. (o. J.). Masterplan zur Luftreinhaltung. muenchen.de.