安卡拉的空气质量

安卡拉的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

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Ministry of Environment and urbanisation的主页标志Ministry of Environment and urbanisation的主页标志

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天气

安卡拉现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气乌云密布
温度30.2°C
湿度74%
风速和风向1.1 mp/h
气压1010 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时土耳其 热门城市排名

#city美国 AQI
1 Hatay, 哈塔伊省

163

2 比萊吉克, 比莱吉克省

153

3 Duzce, Duzce

152

4 Kapakli Belediyesi, 泰基尔达省

149

5 Isparta, 伊斯帕尔塔省

140

6 Kesan, 埃迪尔内省

130

7 厄德尔, 厄德尔省

124

8 UEskuedar, 伊斯坦布尔

113

9 Akyazi, 萨卡里亚省

112

10 Sultanbeyli, 伊斯坦布尔

110

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时安卡拉 AQI排名

实时安卡拉空气质量排名

#station美国 AQI
1 Ankara - Cebeci

167

2 Ankara - Sıhhıye

70

3 Ankara - Sincan

68

4 Ankara - Kayaş

65

5 Ankara - Demetevler

62

6 Ankara - Bahçelievler

23

7 Ankara - Keçiören

21

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

美国 AQI

65

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
中等

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

安卡拉现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
中等 65 美国 AQItrendPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
19 µg/m³trend
pm10
30.8 µg/m³trend
o3
56.8 µg/m³trend

健康建议

安卡拉空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标请关窗以防止室外脏空气进入室内
骑车图标敏感人群应减少室外运动

预报

安卡拉空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期三, 1月 13

中等 65 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期四, 1月 14

中等 54 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期五, 1月 15

优秀 43 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
今天

中等 61 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标33.8°24.8°
风向73度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期日, 1月 17

优秀 42 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标33.8°26.6°
风向277度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期一, 1月 18

优秀 37 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标26.6°19.4°
风向274度流动

6.7 mp/h

星期二, 1月 19

优秀 36 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标26.6°17.6°
风向359度流动

2.2 mp/h

星期三, 1月 20

优秀 38 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标26.6°17.6°
风向289度流动

2.2 mp/h

星期四, 1月 21

优秀 38 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标32°21.2°
风向95度流动

0 mp/h

星期五, 1月 22

优秀 38 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标35.6°26.6°
风向74度流动

0 mp/h

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历史

安卡拉历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在安卡拉 空气的污染暴露值

安卡拉 空气质量分析和数据

Are there pollution problems in Ankara?

Ankara is the capital city of Turkey, with historical names such as Ancyra and Angora having been used in the past. Ankara has seen many ancient civilizations come and go, including Greek, Persian, Roman and Galatian settlements. Nowadays Ankara is known for being a green city, surrounded by large areas of steppe vegetation that produce pears and muscat grapes. Despite being a green city, Ankara has its own share of pollution related issues, with air quality becoming an increasingly prominent topic in Turkey in recent times.

In 2019, Ankara came in with a PM2.5 reading of 18.4 μg/m³, putting it into the ‘moderate’ pollution bracket, which requires a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 12.1 to 35.4 μg/m³ to be classified as such. PM2.5 refers to fine particulate matter that is 2.5 micrometers or less in diameter, and is a major component used in calculating the overall levels of air pollution.

This 2019 reading of 18.4 μg/m³ was enough to place Ankara into the 1002nd most polluted city worldwide, as well as coming in at 32nd place out of all cities in Turkey. Whilst it does have some elevated readings of pollution, it does not share some of the disastrous levels of pollution that other cities in Turkey suffer from, such as Lalapaşa which came in with a yearly average of 53.8 μg/m³, as well as having certain months of the year hit catastrophic levels of pollution such as 124.4 μg/m³ in January 2019.

Regardless, with a PM2.5 ranking being in the moderate bracket, Ankara will have times of the year when its diminished air quality could present issues to its citizens, with any readings over the World Health Organizations (WHO) target goal of 0 to 10 μg/m³ being undesirable, despite this being a fairly hard number to achieve for many cities round the world.

What are the main causes of pollution in Ankara?

With some 4.5 million inhabitants within the city limits, Ankara would be subject to pollution sources that arise in many cities with high population. Air pollution is now considered one of the most pertinent issues in Turkey, with an estimated 30 thousand people dying each year due to related causes, representing around 8 percent of all deaths nationwide.

The main cause of pollution in Ankara and indeed many of Turkey’s cities is vehicular emissions, with some 4 million vehicles in the country as of 1990 increasing to 25 million in 2020. Many of these vehicles such as cars, lorries and buses do not meet international standards when it comes to emissions, with large amounts of diesel fuel being used.

With the burning of fossil fuels comes elevated levels of pollution as well as novel chemical compounds, not seen in cleaner fuel alternatives. Other sources of pollution would be the many factories around Ankara that run on coal, putting out large amounts of smoke and haze. These are the two compounding factors for the city.

What types of pollutants would be found in the air in Ankara?

With a large amount of its pollution coming from vehicle emissions, many of the gases and particulate matter would be linked with the combustion of diesel fuels, as well as the burning of coals in the factories. Particulate matter such as black carbon emitted in the form of soot would be of concern, due to its highly damaging effects to both human health and the environment. It is formed from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels as well as organic matter, and would be released alongside other pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOC’s), gases which include Benzene and formaldehyde.

Other pollutants coming from cars would include ones such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (S02), as well as carbon monoxide (CO) and ozone (O3) being present.

Is pollution in Ankara improving?

Based off the numbers taken over the last few years, it would appear that Ankara is making marginal improvements in its air quality. In 2018 Ankara came in with a PM2.5 reading of 19.6 μg/m³, followed by the aforementioned reading of 18.4 μg/m³ taken in 2019. Whilst this is an improvement of just more than a single unit, it is still a step in the right direction, and with air quality becoming such an important topic to Turkey as a whole, there may be more improvements in the years to come following 2020.

Of note is that in the year 2020, due to the covid-19 outbreak and the subsequent lockdowns, air quality saw rapid improvements in Ankara and indeed countrywide. However, these quickly disappeared once normal movement resumed, showing just how much of a pollutive effect the mass movement of people and vehicles have on the environment.

When is the air quality at its best in Ankara?

Ankara sees some of its best air quality in the beginning and middle portions of the year, with its highest pollution readings coming in towards the end. This does not follow the trend of the more polluted cities in the country, with many of them having highly elevated levels of pollution at the beginning of the year as well, no doubt as a result of the previous years elevated levels in November and December following on into the next year.

In 2019, the month that showed the best level of air quality was July, with a PM2.5 reading of 12 μg/m³, putting it into the ‘good’ category of air quality, the only month to achieve this in the whole year, but only by a very fine margin of 0.1 μg/m³, with an increment of that much pushing it back up into the moderate ratings bracket.

What can Ankara do to improve its air quality?

As touched on before, Turkey is making bold steps to reduce the number of its citizens dying from air pollution related problems. So, pertaining to Ankara, the main steps that would see drastic improvements in its air quality and a large fall in the levels of smoke and haze permeating the sky (particularly in areas with high vehicular concentration) would be to impose fines and enforce new laws regarding offending sources of pollution.

This would include the many factories that run on coal, and with the implementation of more pollution detecting devices (to read the levels of PM2.5 and chemicals in the air in any given location, as well as satellite readings), offending factories could be charged until they get their emissions under control, which would put a huge dent in the pollution levels given off by this industry.

Others would be the introduction of stricter rules regarding fuels used in cars, with more international standards being adopted to reduce the number of diesel-based engines on the road, thus reducing pollution levels even more. With these in effect, it would be very achievable for Ankara to drop down a ranking into the good air quality bracket, and then further towards the WHO’s target goal for a much cleaner future.

安卡拉空气质量数据来源

数据提供者 1