雅加达的空气质量

雅加达的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

数据提供者

14

数据来源

7

Assegaf Hamzah & Partners的主页标志Indonesia Ministry of Environment and Forestry的主页标志Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics Council 的主页标志Jakarata Against Coal的主页标志PURETREX Air Purifier Indonesia的主页标志RespoKare Mask的主页标志

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天气

雅加达现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气多云
温度93.2°C
湿度46%
风速和风向12.7 mp/h
气压1004 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时印度尼西亚 热门城市排名

#city美国 AQI
1 Bangkinang, Riau

104

2 棉蘭, 北苏门答腊省

93

3 Dumai, Riau

81

4 Balaipungut, Riau

76

5 北干巴魯, Riau

76

6 Duri, Riau

74

7 Sedinginan, Riau

71

8 三寶瓏, 中爪哇省

69

9 沙馬林達, 東加里曼丹省

66

10 Palembang, 南苏门答腊省

57

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时雅加达 AQI排名

实时雅加达空气质量排名

#station美国 AQI
1 Kemayoran

166

2 PURETREX Air Purifier - RC Veteran

111

3 Transjakarta Depo Perintis

60

4 Tulodong Bawah

54

5 KLHK-GBK Jakarta

50

6 Jalan Galuh I

43

7 Transjakarta HQ Cawang

41

8 Kopi Korner Kemang

37

9 US Embassy in Central Jakarta

33

10 Wisma Barito Pacific

33

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

美国 AQI

32

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
优秀

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

雅加达现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
优秀 32 美国 AQItrendPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
7.7 µg/m³trend

健康建议

雅加达空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
骑车图标Enjoy outdoor activities

预报

雅加达空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期三, 1月 13

中等 65 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期四, 1月 14

中等 97 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期五, 1月 15

对敏感人群不健康 108 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
今天

中等 87 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标93.2°78.8°
风向260度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期日, 1月 17

中等 87 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标91.4°80.6°
风向323度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期一, 1月 18

中等 71 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标87.8°78.8°
风向311度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期二, 1月 19

对敏感人群不健康 104 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标86°78.8°
风向315度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期三, 1月 20

中等 89 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标84.2°78.8°
风向310度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期四, 1月 21

中等 54 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标91.4°78.8°
风向274度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期五, 1月 22

优秀 41 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标86°78.8°
风向263度流动

13.4 mp/h

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历史

雅加达历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在雅加达 空气的污染暴露值

雅加达 空气质量分析和数据

What is the level of pollution in Jakarta?

Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia, with some 10.7 million inhabitants as of 2020. It is well known as the economic, political and cultural hub of the country, with its metropolitan area covering 6392km2. In regards to Jakarta's pollution problems, statistically speaking it comes in with a poor quality of air. In 2019, it came in with a PM2.5 yearly average of 49.4 µg/m³.

PM2.5 refers to microscopic particular matter of 2.5 or less micrometers in diameter, with a wide range of detrimental effects on human health and the environment, and as such it is one of the main pollutants used in calculating a city or countries overall air quality rating.

In regards to Jakarta's 2019 reading of 49.4 µg/m³, this number would put it into the ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ bracket, which requires a PM2.5 reading of anywhere between 35.5 to 55.4 µg/m³ to be classified as such. Just as the name suggests, a reading such as this would have direct negative health effects on certain demographics of the population, with young children, the elderly and those with poor levels of health or preexisting conditions being the most vulnerable. Despite these demographics being particularly at risk, an average PM2.5 reading this high would be detrimental to even those with good health, when exposed over a long period of time.

To reiterate on the poor levels of air quality in Jakarta, the 2019 reading put it into 126th place out of all the most polluted cities ranked in the world. This is a high ranking, and for some comparison, Bangkok came in at position number 737, with a PM2.5 reading of 22.8 µg/m³ taken over 2019. For a city to have a PM2.5 average that is more than double that of Bangkok's, which is somewhat already infamous for its levels of pollution, shows that there would be significant amounts of smoke, haze and other fine particulate matter permeating the atmosphere, with a large room for improvement.

Why are the levels of pollution so bad in Jakarta?

There are a number of contributing factors in regards to the high levels of pollution in Jakarta. During the year of 2019 a PM2.5 reading of 67.2 µg/m³ was recorded, putting that month’s air quality into the “unhealthy” bracket (55.5 to 150.4 µg/m³ to be classed as such). In order for readings as high as this to be coming in, sources such as vehicles, factory emissions and open burning of organic materials all play a large part.

With such a large population, the roads would be filled with high numbers of motorbikes, cars and trucks, many of which would fall outside the guidelines for what an environmentally safe vehicle should be, with many still running on diesel fuels, emitting far higher levels of pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) being the main compounds associated with vehicular usage, with nitrogen dioxide being found in highest concentrations over areas with large volumes of traffic. As well as the vehicle industry creating havoc to the quality of air, coal and other fossil fuel-based factories seem to be a pertinent issue as of late. In the year of 2020, with COVID-19 having brought large portions of the city (and world) to a standstill, one would expect the pollution levels to drop, but instead they have been rising consistently despite lesser instances of international and domestic tourism. This is blamed largely on the previously mentioned coal-based power plants and factories.

When coal and other fossil fuels are burnt in order to provide energy, large amounts of pollutants are released into the atmosphere, with ones such as carbon monoxide (CO), black carbon, ozone (O3) and volatile organic compounds (VOC’S) all making up a large percentage of the emissions. To add to the other main contributor of air pollution in Jakarta, as well as the rest of Indonesia, open burning of refuse, as well as organic material is of another large concern, with slash and burn farming practices causing vast amounts of smoke and haze to travel from the provinces and permeate the air over major cities, including ones outside of Indonesia such as Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia. To finish, the burning of coal fuels in factories seems to be of primary concern for citizens of Jakarta.

When does pollution in Jakarta rank at its worst?

Observing data taken over 2019, Jakarta experienced its worst spells of pollution from the months of April through to December, with particularly bad periods of pollution being recorded in May, June, July, September and October, all of which came in with unhealthy ratings of PM2.5 in the air, requiring the readings to come in anywhere over 55.5 µg/m³. The first three months of the year saw the cleanest air quality, although even these were still high (with January being the absolute lowest average at 24.2 µg/m³).

What are the health effects of breathing polluted air in Jakarta?

With higher levels of pollution often comes an increase in the number of health risks, as well as the number of cases occurring. Some symptom’s that may occur are incidences of chest infections, irritation to the eyes, skin, mouth and nose, as well increased susceptibility towards developing respiratory ailments such as emphysema, bronchitis and aggravated asthma.

Other conditions include damage to the heart and circulatory system, due to the pervasively small size of PM2.5. it can enter into the blood stream via the lung tissue, whereby it can cause damage to the blood vessels, and raising the chance of heart attacks as well as increasing the risk of heart diseases and other cardiac disturbances. For pregnant mothers who are exposed to high levels of pollution whilst carrying their baby, cases of premature birth, low birth rate, as well as miscarriage and birth defects are much higher when compared to cities with cleaner air quality. These are but a few of the ill health effects that one can suffer from when exposed to poor air quality over longer periods of time.

Is the level of air pollution in Jakarta improving?

When observing the data collected in Jakarta over the last few years, it becomes apparent that the levels of air quality have actually gotten worse instead of better. 2017 came in with a yearly average of 29.7 µg/m³, putting it into the ‘moderate’ bracket of air quality. On to 2018, a reading of 45.3 µg/m³ was taken, showing that levels of PM2.5 had nearly doubled over the course of the year. Onto 2019, the aforementioned average of 49.4 µg/m³ was taken, showing a further increase. Due to these rising levels, preventative measures such as the wearing of High-quality particle filtering masks, as well as avoiding outdoor activities and exercise when pollution levels are particularly high, would go a long way in reducing harm to individuals that live in the city of Jakarta.