巴塞罗那的空气质量

巴塞罗那的空气质量指数(AQI)和PM2.5空气污染

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带有彩色AQI图标的IQAir地图

空气质量提供者和数据来源

数据来自

数据提供者

4

数据来源

4

Generalitat de Catalunya的主页标志European Environment Agency (EEA)的主页标志Generalitat de Catalunya的主页标志Home Government of Catalonia的主页标志Generalitat de Catalunya的主页标志European Environment Agency (EEA)的主页标志

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天气

巴塞罗那现在的天气怎么样?

天气图标
天气多云
温度57.2°C
湿度48%
风速和风向15 mp/h
气压999 mb

实时AQI城市排名

实时西班牙 热门城市排名

#city美国 AQI
1 Punta Umbría, 安達魯西亞

84

2 旧科尔梅纳尔, 马德里

76

3 马拉加, 安達魯西亞

70

4 Ibiza, Balearic Islands

68

5 拉科魯尼亞, 加利西亚

61

6 莫格尔, 安達魯西亞

59

7 赫雷斯-德拉弗龙特拉, 安達魯西亞

55

8 圣马丁-德巴尔代格莱西亚斯, Madrid

55

9 Huelva, 安達魯西亞

54

10 L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Catalunya

53

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

实时巴塞罗那 AQI排名

实时巴塞罗那空气质量排名

#station美国 AQI
1 Eixample

50

2 Granollers

50

3 L'Eixample

45

4 Montcada i Reixac

41

5 Gràcia - Sant Gervasi

37

6 Montcada - Can Sant Joan

37

7 Palau Reial

31

8 Parc Vall Hebron

31

9 Gavà

30

10 Rubí

30

(当地时间)

查看世界AQI排名

巴塞罗那 的网络图像

2:07, 1月 22

巴塞罗那 有空气污染吗

2:07, 1月 22巴塞罗那 的网络图像缩略图

美国 AQI

37

实时空气质量指数(AQI)
优秀

表示AQI等级的人脸

概览

巴塞罗那现在的空气质量指数(AQI)是多少?

空气污染等级空气质量指数(AQI)主要污染物
优秀 37 美国 AQIPM2.5
污染物浓度
PM2.5
9 µg/m³
pm10
15 µg/m³
o3
71 µg/m³trend
no2
11 µg/m³trend
so2
1 µg/m³
co
250 µg/m³

健康建议

巴塞罗那空气污染,如何做好防护?

开窗图标Open your windows to bring clean, fresh air indoors
骑车图标Enjoy outdoor activities

预报

巴塞罗那空气质量指数(AQI)预报

污染等级天气温度风速和风向
星期二, 1月 19

中等 56 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期三, 1月 20

中等 57 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
星期四, 1月 21

中等 54 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
今天

优秀 43 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标57.2°50°
风向274度流动

26.8 mp/h

星期六, 1月 23

优秀 11 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标55.4°48.2°
风向274度流动

22.4 mp/h

星期日, 1月 24

优秀 15 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标55.4°46.4°
风向181度流动

11.2 mp/h

星期一, 1月 25

优秀 19 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标51.8°48.2°
风向133度流动

8.9 mp/h

星期二, 1月 26

优秀 28 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标51.8°48.2°
风向173度流动

4.5 mp/h

星期三, 1月 27

优秀 30 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标55.4°48.2°
风向240度流动

0 mp/h

星期四, 1月 28

优秀 23 美国 AQI

表示AQI等级的人脸
天气图标60.8°51.8°
风向255度流动

4.5 mp/h

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历史

巴塞罗那历史空气质量图表

如何更好地远离空气污染侵害?

减少您在巴塞罗那 空气的污染暴露值

巴塞罗那 空气质量分析和数据

Is Barcelona polluted?

As a regional centre, the daily transit of goods and people cause problems with air quality in Barcelona. In 2015, Barcelona was assigned a D- grade by Friends of the Earth when evaluated against European Commission guidelines for air quality.1 This score was determined by the levels of air pollutants in Barcelona and measures the city had in place to reduce emissions. The pollutants considered most harmful to human health in Barcelona are fine particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2), pollutants attributed to urban and regional traffic.

High concentrations of NO2 and particulate matter have been an ongoing problem for the Catalan capital. In 2019, the European Commission referred Spain to the European Court of Justice for repeated non-compliance with EU air quality standards—one of the cities responsible for illegal air pollution levels was Barcelona.2 The World Health Organisation (WHO) annual limit values for PM10, PM2.5 and NO2 are set at 20 μg/m3, 10 μg/m3 and 40 μg/m3, respectively. Though the European Union’s (EU) air quality standards are less stringent than WHO recommendations for particulate mattter—at 40 μg/m3 for PM10, 25 μg/m3 for PM2.5, and 40 μg/m3 for NO2 —air pollution monitoring stations in Barcelona have also recorded NO2 levels above EU-mandated thresholds as recently as 2019.3,4

What is the cause of air pollution in Barcelona?

Many cities struggle with air pollution caused by urban transport, and Barcelona is no exception. However, as the largest metropolis on the Mediterranean Sea, Barcelona air pollution also stems from the transit of ships and port activity. In fact, emissions from the nearby port can cause up to 50% of total nitrous oxide levels in Barcelona.5 Port activity has also been linked to other common air pollutants, a 2016 study determined harbour emissions contribute up to 12% of PM10 and 15% of PM2.5 in urban Barcelona.6 For this reason, Barcelona City Council subscribed to an initiative that aims to create an Emission Control Area in the Mediterranean Sea (Med-ECA).7

In recent years, air pollution in Barcelona has improved in some areas. While in 2010, 80% of air quality monitoring stations in Barcelona exceeded the average annual NO2 limits set by the EU, in 2013 the proportion was down to 29% of stations.8 Across Barcelona’s port and the city, average annual NO2 levels in 2019 stayed below the 40 μg/m3 threshold recommended by the WHO—levels were 32 μg/m3 in the city and 37 μg/m3 at the port.4 However, average annual PM2.5 levels in 2019 exceeded the 10 μg/m3 limit set by the WHO. In Barcelona’s port, average annual PM2.5 concentrations reached 17 μg/m3, while in the city, stations recorded PM2.5 levels above the hourly WHO recommendation of 25 μg/m3 for a total of 26 days during 2019.4

Real-time air quality levels are accessible on IQAir’s Barcelona Air Quality Map at the top of the page, alongside a live Barcelona air quality index for the city.

How does Barcelona air quality compare with the rest of Spain?

In 2019, average annual PM2.5 concentrations in Spain never exceeded the WHO exposure recommendation. However, daily recordings of unsafe levels of particulate matter and NO2 still affect more than two thirds of the Spanish population, primarily those in cities, port cities and industrial areas.4 As an example, the most polluted municipality in Spain in 2019 was Puertollano in the Castilla-La Mancha region—the centre for petrochemical and fertiliser production recorded an average PM2.5 concentration of 17.5 μg/m3, equal to a “moderate” US air quality index (AQI) of 62, according to IQAir's 2019 World Air Quality Report.

Barcelona, the second-most populated city in Spain, also records higher average PM2.5 levels than Madrid. Madrid’s air quality in terms of PM2.5 levels was better than Barcelona in 2019, averaging 9.2 μg/m3.

What is Barcelona doing about air pollution?

A new Action Plan to improve air quality in Barcelona was approved in 2014, with measures to lower NO2, PM10 and ozone levels. The city set targets to reduce emissions related to traffic by 30% over 15 years and by 10% within the next five years.9 These targets are far from the ambition needed to comply with EU legislation, according to Ecologistas en Acción, a non-for profit that works on environmental matters in Spain. The group launched a campaign during initial Covid-19 lockdowns calling for a dramatic reduction in private vehicle use and a halt to the expansion of the city port and airport.10

Following the earlier example of Madrid, Barcelona implemented a Low Emission Zone in January 2020—an area of 95 square kilometres where vehicles without an environmental classification are prohibited. Throughout Spain, the Climate Change and Energy Transition Law requires all municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants to establish low emission zones by 2023.11 Low emission zones in Europe have had mixed success in lowering levels of air pollutants. In cities around Germany, these zones significantly reduced particulate matter (PM).12 However, in London, the zones had limited to no effects on nitrous oxide levels over a ten-year period—though the zones resulted in a general switch to smaller, newer vehicles.13


+ Article resources

[1] Soot Free for the Climate, “Ranking Overview”. Soot Free Cities website, 2015.
[2] European Commission, “Air quality: Commission refers Bulgaria and Spain to the Court for failing to protect citizens from poor air quality”. European Commission website, 25 July 2019.
[3] European Commission, “Directive 2008/50/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2008 on ambient air quality and cleaner air for Europe”. European Commission website, 2008.
[4] Ecologistas en Acción, “La calidad del aire en el Estado español durante 2019”. Ecologistas en Acción website, 2020.
[5] Roman Llagostera, “Pla de millora de la qualitat de l’aire de Barcelona 2015-2018.” Ajuntament de Barcelona, April, 2015.
[6] Noemí Perez et al., “Impact of harbour emissions on ambient PM10 and PM2.5 in Barcelona (Spain): Evidences of secondary aerosol formation within the urban area”. Science of The Total Environment 571: 237-250, July, 2016.
[7] Eoin Bannon, “Barcelona asks Spanish government to support emission control area in Mediterranean”. Transport & Environment website, December 5, 2018.
[8] Roman Llagostera, “Pla de millora de la qualitat de l’aire de Barcelona 2015-2018,” Ajuntament de Barcelona, April 2015.
[9] Government of Catalonia, “Air Quality Action Plan, horizon 2020”. Catalonia Government’s Territory and Sustainability Department website, n.d.
[10] Ecologistas en Acción, “Valoració de la Declaració d’Emergència Climàtica de l’Ajuntament de Barcelona”. Ecologistas en Acción website, February 17, 2020.
[11] Ana Barreira, “In the right direction but lacking ambition: The Spanish Climate Change and Energy Transition Bill”. Euractiv website. June 9, 2020.
[12] Christiane Malina and Frauke Scheffler, “The impact of Low Emission Zones on particulate matter concentration and public health”. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice 77:372-385, July, 2015.
[13] Richard B. Ellison, Stepher P. Greaves and David A. Hensher, “Five years of London’s low emission zone: Effects on vehicle fleet compoisition and air quality,” Transportation Research Part A: Transport and Environment 23: 25-33, August, 2013.